Under normal conditions, blood sugar is reabsorbed by the kidneys of any fluid that crosses the organ into the blood vessels. But on Glycosuria (sugar in urine), the kidneys cannot absorb enough blood sugar from urine before being expelled from the body. Normal glucose levels in urine screening range from 0 – 15 mg/dl.
This condition is generally backed by hyperglycemia or too high levels of glucose in the blood. But there are times when glycosuria can occur even if a person’s blood sugar levels are normal or even below normal. This condition is referred to as renal glycosuria.
The most important thing to note by Glycosuria sufferers is the cause of the glycosuria itself. This is because the cause will differ from each sufferer. So why is it so important? By knowing the exact cause, you know what steps you should take to resolve it.
Who is more risky.
There are certain conditions that can generally be the background of glycosuria (sugar in urine), so the sufferer of certain diseases is more risky to experience this situation. These conditions are:
- Type 2 Diabetes.
- Gestational Diabetes.
- Renal Glycosuria.
Renal glycosuria occurs because of the deterioration in the kidneys that causes the kidneys to not be able to reabsorb filtrate blood and unable to restore it to the circulatory system.
People who do not suffer from diabetes can also experience glycosuria. This type of glycosuria occurs when one consumes foods that are high in sugar content. In addition to food, hyperglycemia can also be caused by Acromegaly, thyrotoxicosis, severe anxiety, Cushing’s syndrome, increased stress hormones, and rapid gastric emptying.
Read also: Foods to eat to control blood sugar levels.
Causes of Glycosuria (Sugar in Urine).
Here are some common causes:
Insufficient hormone insulin in the blood increases glucose levels. When there is too much glucose in the blood, the kidneys cannot absorb the sugar back into the bloodstream, so some will be excreted through the urine.
Gestational Diabetes, which is a condition of high blood sugar above normal during pregnancy.
A Diet high in sugar.
For example, if you consume food and drink too often.
Liver cirrhosis affects the metabolism of carbohydrates, resulting in high glucose levels in the blood. High blood glucose levels will make glucose come out through urine.
However, the main cause of glycosuria is diabetes mellitus; Diabetes mellitus is caused by the blood sugar level is far above normal, the sugar in the blood is filtered by the kidneys, and the primary and secondary urine filtration results from blood diabetics contain too much glucose until it cannot be reabsorbed by the kidneys.
Because the kidneys are unable to reabsorb excess glucose in primary and secondary urine, the actual urine that is excreted by the body will contain a lot of glucose.
Symptoms of Glycosuria.
Sugar is absorbing water. Thus, in patients with glycosuria will occur an increase in urine volume. The sufferer will feel frequent urination and even waking up the night when sleeping to urinate. If this condition continues to occur, the sufferer can be dehydrated, limper, often felt thirsty, and lack of fluid.
Treatment of Glycosuria.
Treatment of Glycosuria is adjusted to the cause. In patients with diabetes, sufferers should take the drug to achieve the target of blood sugar. Sufferers should also diet low sugar, diligent exercise, and for sufferers who are obese recommended to lose weight. If the target blood sugar level has been achieved, then the condition of Glycosuria will improve. Similarly, Glycosuria is caused by the abnormalities in the kidney tract. It should be examined in detail causing damage to the kidney tract. Appropriate therapy in accordance with the cause will improve the condition of Glycosuria.
Read also: The functions of urine test.
Thank you very much for reading Sugar in Urine: Risk, Causes, Symptoms, and treatment, hopefully useful.