The World Health Organization (WHO) is an institution under the United Nations responsible for international public health issues. The organization was founded on April 7, 1948. This birthday is commemorated as World Health Day.
Each country can become a member of the WHO without exception. U.N. member states wishing to become WHO members must sign or accept the contents of the WHO Convention.
WHO works around the world to promote health, keep the world safe, and serve the most vulnerable. Currently, the WHO has 193 member states. It has six regional offices and 149 at the state level. As an institution with various member states, WHO established six official languages, namely Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, and Spanish.
This institution, supported by 700 employees around the world, works with governments and agencies to realize sustainable health for everyone.
To carry out its activities, WHO gets funding from member states and contributions from voluntary donors.
World Health Organization History
The WHO Constitution states that the purpose of the establishment of the WHO is for everyone to achieve the highest possible level of health. The main task of WHO is to eradicate diseases, especially infectious diseases that are already widespread.
The WHO itself is one of the original agencies of the United Nations, its constitution first appeared on the first World Health Day on April 7, 1948 when it was ratified by the 26th member of the United Nations. Jawaharlal Nehru, a major freedom fighter originally from India, has voiced his opinion to start the WHO.
WHO activities, as well as the remaining activities of the LBB Health Organization (League of Nations), organized by an Interim Commission are as determined in an International Health Conference in the summer of 1946. The change was made through a UN General Assembly Resolution. The Epidemiology Service of the Office International d’Hygiène Publique France was included in the WHO Interim Commission on 1 January 1947.
World Health Organization Goals and Coverage
The WHO’s goal is to ensure that everyone is guaranteed health on a universal scale. Protect more than a billion people from health emergencies.
As well as providing better health and well-being.
WHO has considerable coverage in each sector. These coverages are:
Universal health coverage
Coverage consists of:
- Focus on primary health care to improve access to quality essential services.
- Working towards sustainable development and financial protection.
- Improve access to essential medicines and health products.
- Train health workers and advise on labor policies.
- Support community participation in national health policy.
- Improve monitoring, data, and information.
For health emergencies, here’s what the WHO does:
- Prepare for emergencies by identifying
- Mitigate and manage risk
- Prevent emergencies and support the development of the necessary tools during outbreaks.
- Detect and respond to acute health emergencies.
- Supporting the delivery of essential health services in weak settings.
Health and well-being
What the WHO does in working on health and well-being, namely:
- Promoting a cross-sectoral approach to healthcare.
- Prioritize health in all healthy policies and settings.
Through WHO, they solve various problems, namely:
- Prevention of infectious diseases
- Mental health promotion
- Climate change in developing countries and small islands.
- Antimicrobial resistance
- Elimination and eradication of high-risk infectious diseases.
World Health Organization Activities
In addition to arranging international assistance to manage the transmission of infectious diseases, such as SARS, malaria, tuberculosis, swine flu and AIDS. WHO provides funds on agendas that serve to stem and treat diseases.
WHO also helps develop and distribute safe and efficient vaccines, disease screening, difficulties as well as medicines. After some 20 years of eradicating smallpox, in 1980 the WHO declared smallpox and the first disease in history to be destroyed by human effort.
WHO ensures to treat polio disease within a period of several more years. Starting from October 3, 2006, WHO has announced the HIV/AIDS Toolkit for Zimbabwean countries with international standards.