Prescription drug definition
Prescription Drug Definition

Prescription Drug Definition, and 4 Elements

Prescription drug is a list of drug references that serve as a reference material for the handling of a health condition or a particular disease. The prescription is usually produced from the results of the medical examination, analysis, observation of symptoms and suitability of drug content to a disease.

What is prescription drug?

Prescription Drug Definition

In the general sense the recipe is the Formulae Medicae, and is divided into:

  • Formulae officinalis
    I.e. Recipes listed in pharmacopoeia books or other books and are standard
  • Formulae magistralis
    I.e. Prescriptions written by the doctor in his own opinion, sometimes a combination of formula officinalis with addition / reduction. This is what is commonly called a recipe.

Prescription drugs are a list of medications that the doctor recommends to the patient after the patient undergoes a series of examinations of health conditions by the doctor, which includes checking the symptoms, history of the disease, as well as the habits or lifestyle of the patient.

Prescription drugs are only given to a person who has been examined by a doctor and is of a special nature to restore the health condition of the person.

That is, prescription drugs should not be distributed to others who do not go through the process of doctor examination even if the type of disease suffered is the same.

This is because everyone has different health conditions and possible history of the disease, so the consumption of prescription drugs of the same type and dosage by people who do not go through a doctor’s examination may be ineffective to cure the disease, or may even trigger dangerous side effects.

In addition, legally, prescriptions of the drug can only be written by general practitioners, dentists, and specialists.

Elements of prescription drug

The correct doctor’s prescription is a prescription that is clearly written, easy to understand, and in accordance with the rules of prescription writing. Prescription sheets or prescription blanks from the doctor should contain the following:

The identity of the doctor who wrote the prescription

Doctor’s name, Practice License number, practice address, a doctor’s phone number, name of the city where the practice is, the date of writing the prescription, and the initials of the doctor who gave the prescription. It can also be equipped with days and hours of practice. This information is usually printed in prescription blanks.

Patient’s identity

Includes the patient’s name, age, gender, weight, address, and phone number. This information format is usually already listed in the prescription blanks.

Drug information

This is the core of prescription drugs that are divided into two parts, namely:

  • The symbol R/ which is interpreted as a recipe (“take” in Latin), includes the name of the drug, the dosage of the drug, the form of the drug (capsules, tablets, syrups, or ointments), and the amount of medicine given.
  • Symbol S, includes the ways and rules of use of the drug, such as the time of taking the drug (morning or night), medications taken before or after meals, how many times the drug is taken (e.g. 3 times a day or every 2 hours), the dose of consumption (e.g. 5 ml, 1 tablespoon, or 1 tablet), how to use the drug (taken, applied), and other necessary information (e.g. The drug must be spent, or need to be stopped if symptoms are gone). Information about the drug is usually written using medical abbreviations or codes in Latin.


The doctor’s prescription is officially marked with a line accompanied by the prescription author’s doctor’s signature.

Prescriptions from this doctor can be repeated, meaning that the prescription can be reused to redeem the drug, and some can not be repeated, meaning the prescription is only for one drug take.

Each patient has the right to request a copy of the prescription, but patients are advised to consult a doctor who prescribes the drug if they wish to redeem the drug with a prescription copy of the drug.

Thank you very much for reading Prescription Drug Definition, and Elements, hopefully useful.

Last Updated on March 2, 2021 Reviewed by Market Health Beauty Team

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