Hair Loss
Hair Loss

Hair Loss: 7 Types, and Causes

Hair loss is excessive loss of hair. This condition can result in thinning of the hair or baldness, either temporary or permanent.

The amount of hair a person will loose or fall out about 50-100 strands every day. This is normal, because there is also the hair that grows every day. Normal hair growth will begin with the growth phase (anagen), where the hair will grow and last for 2-6 years.

After that, the hair will fall out and will grow back 2-3 months after the fallout (telogen phase). Before falling out, the hair will enter a transition period of 2-3 weeks (catagen phase). If this hair growth cycle is disrupted, the hair will fall out until it leads to baldness.

Hair loss types

Hair loss problems turn out to have many types, depending on the symptoms and causes, among others as follows.

Androgenic alopecia

Androgenetic alopecia is the most common type of hair loss. The condition can occur in both men and women, but with different symptoms and causes. Although triggered by hereditary factors, androgenetic alopecia can be controlled with certain treatments.

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Alopecia traction

This type of hair loss occurs due to too often tied or pulled hair over a long period of time. The characteristics of traction alopecia include:

  • Small white or red lumps around the follicle (around the roots) of the hair,
  • Itching of the tied area of the hair,
  • Scales appear on the scalp, as well as
  • The loss occurs symmetrically.

Alopecia areata

Alopecia areata is hair loss caused by autoimmune abnormalities. Here are the visible symptoms.

  • Excessive hair loss.
  • Nails are rough, appear white dots, and are more brittle.
  • A circular baldness point appears on the back of the scalp.

Alopecia Universalis

Alopecia Universalis is a fairly rare hair loss. This condition occurs when hair from all parts of the body falls out with symptoms:

  • Itching, and
  • Hair loss occurs in the scalp, eyebrows, armpits, back, chest, to the legs.

Telogen effluvium

Telogen effluvium is a type of hair loss that occurs suddenly and in large quantities. This condition usually occurs when the scalp enters the rest phase of the hair growth cycle (telogen).

Tinea capitis

When excessive hair loss occurs in your child, it is possible that it is caused by a fungal infection in the scalp. This condition, called tinea capitis causes a variety of symptoms below.

  • Mild fever.
  • Hair loss is sometimes circular.
  • Appear bald spots that can enlarge.
  • The scalp looks red, scaly, and itchy.
  • Sometimes it causes swelling of the glands at the back of the neck.

Scarring alopecia

This loss, also referred to as cicatricial alopecia, occurs due to inflammation or abnormalities in the skin. The inflammation can be caused by folliculitis, lichen planus, lupus, and cellulite.

Hair loss causes

Several different factors can trigger hair loss. Some of the most frequent factors, aside from the condition of the scalp and frequently changing hairstyles, are as follows:

Telegon effluvium

This condition refers to a condition when the scalp is temporarily thinning due to changes in the hair growth cycle. This condition usually occurs after drastic weight loss, pregnancy, major surgery, or extreme stress and can be a side effect when taking nonsteroidal pain relievers, beta-blockers, and antidepressants.

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People with a family history of hair loss have a higher risk of suffering from the same condition.

Iron deficiency anemia

When the body does not have enough red blood cells, which main task is to transport oxygen throughout the body, it can cause a variety of different symptoms including hair loss, pale skin, and a weak feeling.

Medical conditions

Medical conditions such as hypothyroidism and polycystic ovary syndrome can cause hair loss.

Read also:
How can we stop hair fall naturally?

Last Updated on November 7, 2021 Reviewed by Market Health Beauty Team