Medications for Osteoporosis – Osteoporosis is a problem of deterioration and a decrease in bone mass density sustainable.
The inside of a healthy bone normally seems to have a lot of small space just like a honeycomb. The bones will make the rooms wider, too.
This condition gradually makes the bones lose its strength so it becomes more fragile, until it is even susceptible to minor trauma. The outer bone growth also tends to be weaker and thinner than it should be.
As an introduction, let us first understand the properties of the bones in our bodies. Although the bone is hard, but it turns out that it is one of the tissues in our body that is dynamic, it continues to be actively split (REABSORBSI) then rebuild, in the sense of old bone cells and structures that are already in time will always be replaced with new cells and materials, this is called the regeneration process.
In osteoporosis, bones break down faster than the rebuilding process. Of course, this will cause the bones to become less dense, more porous, and more fragile. This condition weakens the bones and causes it to be more easily broken and makes a person incapable of activity.
Fractures caused by porous are usually more common in the pelvis, wrists, and spine. Unfortunately, some bones, such as damaged pelvic bones cannot be healed.
Read also: 15 Signs and Symptoms of Osteoporosis.
Fortunately, there are many medications for osteoporosis available to protect and strengthen the bones. Treatment usually includes a combination of medications and lifestyle changes to help slow the rate of bone reabsorption by the body.
The treatment of osteoporosis puts steps to avoid sufferers from falling or experiencing cracks. The following are recommended preliminary steps for people with osteoporosis, as well as elderly people, or at risk of the following conditions.
- Keep your body fit and healthy with exercise and organize your diet. An active body can help you stay free of movement and reduce the risk of falling and having bone fractures.
- Consult with a doctor if you start hard to walk or difficult to stand with a strapping. Your doctor will discuss precautions to prevent you from injury during your activity. It aims to identify and minimize the cause of injuries such as quality of vision, use of medicines, as well as muscle strength and balance.
- Experiencing bone fractures because falling is a risk that will occur when you age. However, this condition is not inevitable. There are things that can be done to prevent or reduce the risk of fractured bones that can occur due to falling.
Doctors usually do bone density tests (bone densitrometry) to diagnose whether the patient has osteoporosis or not. This test also to predict the body’s response to the planned treatment of osteoporosis. Your test results can help your doctor determine the right type of medication, to relieve symptoms of osteoporosis and to improve the condition of your bones.
Choice of medications for osteoporosis
Treatment of osteoporosis or bone impairment not only requires medication, but also lifestyle changes that can improve and maintain bone density.
In most cases, bones that have been porous and susceptible to fracture due to osteoporosis can be strengthened by the proper selection of the drug. Some of the types of medications that are commonly prescribed by doctors in osteoporosis treatment are:
Evista is a treatment of osteoporosis that has some similar performance to estrogen, such as the ability to retain bone mass. However, studies have shown that Evista does not increase the risk of breast cancer or uterine cancer such as estrogen. Evista often cause flash (redness and heat) and increase the risk of blood clotting.
Actonel, Binosto, Boniva, and Fosamax.
This medication treats osteoporosis by inhibiting cells that break down the bones. Actonel, Binosto, and Fosamax are usually consumed once a week while Boniva is consumed once a month. These drugs need to be taken according to strict rules and adherent, because if consumed improperly, they can cause ulcers in the esophagus.
Reclast is administered for 15 minutes through an infusion once a year through the veins. Reclast is said to increase bone strength and reduce fractures in the hips, spine, wrists, arms, legs, or ribs and work in the same way as the above medications. Most common side effects include bone pain, nausea, and vomiting. This drug should be used with caution in individuals with decreased renal function.
11 Other medications:
- Zoledronic acid.
- Vitamin D and calcium supplements.
Thank you very much for reading Choice of Medications for Osteoporosis, hopefully useful.