The difference between mitosis vs meiosis – In the survival of living beings, cell division is one of the important processes. The process of cell division is aimed at growth, repair, and reproduction.
Cell division is the process by which cells divide themselves in half or more. The resulting cell is a child cell that has its own autonomy.
Based on its characteristic, cell division is divided into two types, namely mitosis and meiosis. Mitosis produces child cells that can divide again, while meiosis cannot divide again until fertilization.
Mitosis and Meiosis are both important processes in cell division. But what is the difference between the two processes? Let’s take a look at the discussion below.
Mitosis Vs Meiosis
#1. Definition: Mitosis Vs Meiosis
Mitosis is part of cell division, where the chromosomes inside the nucleus are split into 2 sets of identical chromosomes, and each has a nucleus.
While Meiosis is a cell division that reduces the number of chromosomes in half. This process occurs in every se**xual reproduction.
#2. Inventors: Mitosis Vs Meiosis
Mitosis was discovered by Walther Flemming, who is an anatomist, while meiosis was discovered by Oscar Hertwig who is a biologist, both of whom are both from Germany.
#3. Stages of Cell Division: Mitosis Vs Meiosis
Mitosis consists of stages of prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase, and cytokinesis. While meiosis consist of the longer stages, namely prophase I, metaphase I, anaphase I, telophase I, prophase II, metaphase II, anaphase II, and telophase.
#4. Cell Division
In mitosis, somatic cells only once divide at the cytokinesis stage, while in meiosis the genital cells divide twice at the telophase I and II stages.
#5. Where Mitosis and Meiosis Cleavage Occurred
Mitosis cleavage in animals occurs in cells of the body (somatic) and if in plants where it occurs in meristem tissue (always active tissues hold cell division). For example, at the end of the stem, the root, and in the cambium.
While the division of meiosis in animals occurs in the reproductive organs of the genital cells (gonads) and if meiosis in plants occurs in stamens and pistils.
#6. Caryokinesis and Cytokinesis
Caryokinesis is the division of cell nucleus matter that occurs during cell division. In mitosis, caryokinesis occurs during Interphase. While in meiosis occurs during interphase I.
Cytokinesis is the division of cytoplasm that occurs during cell division. In mitosis, cytokinesis occurs at the end of the telophase stage. Then in meiosis occurs twice, namely at the end of telophase I and telophase II.
Mitosis usually occurs for cell reproduction and also for the growth and repair of cells in the body of an organism or living being.
Meanwhile, meiosis itself occurs to distinguish the genetics of an organism through se**xual reproduction.
#8. Reproduction Type
During cell division or reproduction in mitosis, the type of reproduction is ase**xual.
Meanwhile, the reply of cell division or reproduction in meiosis is the division of cells with se**xual reproduction type.
Se**xual reproduction used in the meiosis process makes genetics slightly different from each other. In contrast to ase**xual reproduction that the child cells are identical to stem cells.
Some mutations occur in the meiosis process. Genetic differences from one to another make living things more resistant and adapt to the environment, which increases the chances of surviving the organism to its offspring.
All types of organisms, both micro and macro, will experience or go through the process of cell division by mitosis. While meiosis tend to be experienced by some living things such as humans, animals, plants, and also fungi.
#11. Mitosis and Meiosis Results
Mitosis cleavage will result in two daughter cells that have the same number of chromosomes as their parent (2n) called diploids.
While in meiosis cleavage will produce four daughter cells that have half the number of stem cell chromosomes (n) called haploids.
Last Updated on May 31, 2021 Reviewed by Market Health Beauty Team