Benign Tumor
Benign Tumor

Benign Tumor: 10 Types, Symptoms, and Causes

Benign tumors are cell growths that are not cancerous in the body. Usually, the disease develops by dividing itself. New cells will be formed to replace old and dead cells. Benign tumors can grow in any part of the body. This type of tumor is in the form of a lump on the body that can be felt from the outside.

Lumps can grow to a fairly large size and are found near blood vessels, brains, nerves, or organs to suppress such vital structures. As a result, benign tumors can turn into serious diseases and require special treatment.

Benign Tumor Types

There are several types of benign tumors that can develop in different parts of the body. Benign tumors are grouped based on where they grow. For example, lipoma grow from fat cells, while myoma grows from muscles. Types of benign tumors include:


Adenoma forms in a thin layer of tissue lining glands, organs and other internal structures. An example is polyps that form in the colon or tumor growth in the liver.


Lipoma grow from fat cells and are the most common type of benign tumor. They often grow on the back, arms, or neck. They are usually round and soft in shape, and can be moved.


Myomas grows from muscles or on the walls of blood vessels. They can also grow in smooth muscles, such as those that grow in organs such as the uterus or stomach.


Nevi is also known as a mole. They are non-cancerous growths on the skin and are very common to people.

Fibroid or Fibroma

Fibroids, or fibromas, can grow in fibrous tissue found in any organ. They most often grow in the uterus, known as uterine fibroids.

In most cases, benign tumors will be monitored by the doctor carefully. For example, a mole that is not cancerous or polyps in the colon can turn into cancer at a time. Some types of benign tumors in the internal organs may also cause health problems.

Uterine fibroids can cause pelvic pain as well as abnormal bleeding. And some tumors in the internal organs may be able to inhibit the flow of blood vessels or cause pain because it suppresses certain nerves.

Anyone can develop benign tumors on his body, no exception children, although in general who have them are older persons.


Hemangioma sometimes appears as a bright red birthmark that appears in the first and second weeks of life. This tumor looks like a lump consisting of blood vessels in the skin.

These tumors can appear on any part of the body, but most often on the face, scalp, chest or back. Treatment of infantile hemangioma (infant) is usually not necessary, as these tumors will disappear with age. Treatment considerations are necessary if the hemangioma causes impairment of vision, breathing or other organ functions.


Meningioma is a tumor that is based on the meninges layer, which is the layer or membrane that surrounds the brain and spinal cord. Meningioma is technically different from brain tumors, but has symptoms similar to headaches, seizures, changes in consciousness or vision problems depending on the affected meninges layer.

Since most meningioma grow very slowly, over the years without causing symptoms, in some cases it can cause serious disability due to its effect on adjacent brain, nerve or vascular tissues.


Papilloma is a benign tumor that grows from epithelial tissue and stands out, can be benign or malignant. These lumps can grow on the skin, cervix, breast canal, or mucous membranes covering the inside of the eyelids (conjunctiva).

Papilloma can occur due to direct contact with infections such as human papillomavirus (HPV). On some types of papilloma will disappear by itself. While in some cases, surgery is required to eliminate cancer.


This type of benign tumor can grow on the nerves of any part of the body. One of the most common types of neuroma is acoustic neuroma. Neuroma is usually treated with surgical procedures.


Osteochondroma is a benign bone tumor that usually appears with characteristic of lumps in the joint area, such as the knee or shoulder. This type of tumor is more common in children. Surgery may be required if this benign tumor causes symptoms of pain due to pressing on nerves or blood vessels.

Benign Tumor Symptoms

Not all types of tumors, be it cancerous or benign, show symptoms. All depending on the location of the tumor, some symptoms may be affected by the functioning of the affected organ. For example, if you have a benign tumor in the brain, then you can experience headaches, vision problems, chaotic memory and so on.

If the tumor grows close to the skin or in areas of soft tissue, such as the abdomen, the lump or mass may be felt by touch. Depending on the location, possible symptoms of benign tumor growth are:

Benign Tumor Causes

The cause of benign tumors is not yet known for certain. However, this disease can appear because it relates to the following factors. Such as environmental factors containing toxins, genetic or hereditary factors, diet, stress, trauma, injury, as well as inflammation or infection (e.g. Hepatitis B and C infections, HPV).

Last Updated on February 10, 2022 Reviewed by Market Health Beauty Team