Types of vertigo
Types of Vertigo

6+ Causes, Symptoms, Prevention, and Types of Vertigo

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Vertigo is a misperception of the movement of one or the surrounding environment. The perception of the movement can be a rotating sense or a sense of shake, drift, and floating.

Types of Vertigo disease

Types of vertigo - peripheral vertigo

Peripheral Vertigo

This is the type of vertigo that more often experienced by most people. Causes of peripheral vertigo are the causes of interference in the inner ear that serves to regulate body balance.

As you move your head, the inner part of the ear tells you where the head position is and sends the signal to the brain to maintain balance. However, if there is a problem on the inside of the ear, you will feel pain and dizziness. This can occur due to inflammation in the inner ear or due to a viral infection.

Central Vertigo

Unlike the peripheral vertigo caused by disorders of the ears and balance organs, central vertigo occurs due to brain problems. The most influential part of the brain’s incidence is cerebellum or small brain.

This type of vertigo is commonly caused by other diseases or problems that occur in one’s brain. But it also does not close the possibility that this vertigo occurs because of other things such as drug consumption.

The type of the central Vertigo disease centers in the brain. Health disorders associated with central vertigo include stroke, multiple sclerosis (spine and brain disorders), tumors, trauma to the head, migraine, infection, inflammatory conditions, neurodegenerative illnesses (disease of nerve function) that cause the impact of the cerebellum.

Classification of other types of vertigo disease

Vertigo is divided into several types, but generally based on vestibulum involvement, Vertigo is divided into two, namely the type of vestibular vertigo disease and the type of non-vestibular vertigo disease.

Vestibular Vertigo

This type of Vertigo poses a rotating sensation, often caused by a sudden movement of the head, can also be accompanied by nausea or vomiting.

Non Vestibular Vertigo

Non vestibular vertigo will cause a sensation of drift, shake, floating, not accompanied by nausea, vomiting, often triggered by the movement of objects around it.

Differences in types of vertigo: Peripheral and central vertigo disease

  • Common causes of peripheral vertigo are infected, Ménière’s, neuronitis, ischemia, trauma, toxin. Common causes of Central Vertigo are vascular, demyelinating, neoplasms.
  • The intensity of peripheral vertigo is moderate to severe, while the central vertigo is mild to moderate.
  • Nausea and vomiting generally occur in peripheral vertigo and rarely occur in central vertigo.
  • Peripheral vertigo is generally associated with a position, while central vertigo is rarely associated with a position.
  • Hearing loss until deafness is common in peripheral vertigo and rarely occurs in central vertigo.
  • Ringing in the ears often accompanies peripheral vertigo. At Central Vertigo, it is usually not accompanied by ear ringing.

Causes of Several Types of Vertigo disease

Vestibular vertigo Causes

The causes are: Meniere disease, Vestibular neuritis, Benign paroxysmal positional Vertigo (BPPV), maze artery blockage, labyrinthitis, drugs that have side effect of damaging the ears, autoimmune, tumors that are affecting the nerve, migraines, Epilepsy, and stroke.

Non Vestibular Vertigo Causes.

Systemic diseases, very low blood sugar levels, tense type of headaches, neck trauma, orthostatic hypotension

Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV) causes

BPPV occurs when a small calcium particle (canals) clot inside the inner ear canal, which is tasked with sending signals to the brain about the movement of the head and body associated with gravity. It helps you maintain balance.

Meniere’s disease causes

This is an inner ear disorder caused by the breakdown of liquids and changes in the pressure inside the ears. It can cause vertigo along with the sound of ringing in the ears (tinnitus) and loss of hearing.

Vestibular Neuritis / Labyrinthitis causes

This inner ear problem is usually associated with an infection (usually due to a virus). This infection causes inflammation in the ear around the important nerve that helps the body feel the balance.

Other Causes

In addition to the causes above, the cause of a person suffering from the vertigo that is rare occur is head or neck injury, brain problems such as strokes and tumors, certain medications that cause ear damage, and migraine headaches.

Symptoms of vertigo

Peripheral Vertigo Symptoms:

  • Sweating
  • Dark vision.
  • Fatigue and stamina decrease
  • Palpitations
  • Lost balance
  • Unable to concentrate
  • Feeling like a drunk
  • Muscles ache
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Memory and thinking power are down
  • Sensitive to bright light and sound

Central Vertigo Symptoms:

  • The body feels weak
  • Double vision
  • Difficult to swallow
  • Paralysis of facial muscles
  • Severe headache
  • Awareness is disturbed
  • Speechless
  • Loss of coordination
  • Nausea and vomiting

How to prevent Vertigo disease

However, you can still avoid the vertigo by doing the way of prevention, such as avoiding head looked up, sleeping with pillows that are high enough, move the head slowly, and of course try to overcome the sense of stress that you face calmly.

Read also:
How To Cure Vertigo Fast.

Thank you very much for reading Causes, Symptoms, Prevention, and Types of Vertigo, hopefully useful.

Last Updated on September 3, 2021 Reviewed by Market Health Beauty Team

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