Types of Miscarriage Pregnant Women Need to Know – Miscarriage is a heartbreaking event, regardless of when and how it happened. No pregnant woman wants to have a miscarriage. However, the possibility of pregnant women experiencing miscarriage, still exists with various causes.
If you have had a miscarriage, you must be wondering how and why it happened. In fact, most miscarriages occur because the fetus is not developing as it should. More than 50% of miscarriages are associated with an excess or deficiency of chromosomes. Generally, chromosomal problems occur during cell division that occurs when the fetus is in the embryonic stage.
In some cases, maternal health conditions can lead to miscarriage such as uncontrolled diabetes, infections, hormonal disorders, problems with the uterus or cervix, and thyroid disease.
Types of Miscarriage Pregnant Women Need to Know
Did you know that there are many types of miscarriage? Here are types of miscarriage that pregnant women need to know
1. Chemical miscarriage
Chemical miscarriage occurs when the egg has been fertilized so that the body receives a signal to produce the pregnancy hormone, namely hCG (hCG), human chorionic gonadotropin). However, the fertilized egg does not attach to the uterine wall so there are no clinical signs of miscarriage such as the presence of a sac or fetus. This miscarriage occurs even before the mother goes through her period.
2. Clinical miscarriage
In contrast to chemical miscarriages, clinical miscarriages are initially characterized by clinical signs of pregnancy, such as having missed the menstrual period or the formation of a placenta during the ultrasound process, and a positive result on a pregnancy test.
3. Miscarriage during early pregnancy (early miscarriage)
This type of miscarriage occurs before the 13th week of pregnancy. If you miscarried in the early stages of pregnancy, recovery will be relatively fast. It also still depends on consultation with a gynecologist.
4. Miscarriage at the end of pregnancy (late miscarriage)
This type of miscarriage occurs at 14-24 weeks of gestation. Usually miscarriage at this gestational age is also called stillbirth. Miscarriage that occurs at the end of pregnancy will usually result in heavy bleeding, relatively slow recovery (physical and emotional recovery), and it is advisable to postpone the next pregnancy for several months for the recovery process.
5. Sporadic miscarriage
Sporadic miscarriage is the most common complication in early pregnancy. Sporadic miscarriage is different from successive miscarriages. This type is considered a type of miscarriage, which describes abnormalities in the development of the embryo so that the embryo does not develop properly.
6. Repeated miscarriages
If you’ve had more than one miscarriage, then you’re experiencing what’s called a recurrent miscarriage. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) states that only 1% of women will experience recurrent miscarriages. If you experience repeated miscarriages more than 3 times, it is advisable to consult a gynecologist for further examination.
7. Complete miscarriage
A miscarriage occurs when all the pregnancy tissue is no longer in the uterus. Usually there will be bleeding when a miscarriage occurs and the miscarriage occurs naturally. You will pass a large clot during a miscarriage because all the fetal tissue is expelled from the uterus.
8. Incomplete miscarriage
Incomplete miscarriage indicates that there is still fetal tissue left in the uterus. In this case, you may experience severe abdominal pain and usually minor surgery will be performed to remove any remaining tissue.
9. Vanishing twin syndrome (VTS)
This miscarriage occurs because one of the 2 fetuses being conceived stops developing and the rest of the tissue will be absorbed by a healthy fetus. This condition is usually caused by a chromosomal abnormality where an undeveloped fetus usually has a genetic abnormality that causes it to fail to thrive.
10. Missed miscarriage
When the baby dies in the womb, but the mother does not feel the signs of miscarriage such as bleeding and abdominal pain, it is called missed miscarriage. This type of miscarriage is usually detected when the mother is doing an ultrasound during a routine check-up. When experiencing this type of miscarriage, the doctor will suggest several treatments for this problem such as performing surgery to remove fetal tissue.
11. Anembryonic pregnancy (Blighted ovum miscarriage)
This miscarriage is a type of early pregnancy loss when the fertilized egg attaches to the uterine wall, but does not develop into an embryo. The embryo will stop developing, but the gestational sac will continue to develop. There is usually no specific cause for this to happen. Symptoms that you will feel included mild stomach cramps, light blood spots, or bleeding.
12. Inevitable miscarriage
Inevitable miscarriage refers to unexplained vaginal bleeding and severe abdominal pain that occurs early in pregnancy. Symptoms include heavy bleeding and severe stomach cramps. Inevitable miscarriage usually characterized by an opening in the cervical canal. An open cervix is a sign that the body is in the process of aborting the fetus.
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13. Threatened miscarriage
Threatened miscarriage refers to vagi**nal bleeding that occurs at the beginning of the 20th week of gestation. Threatened miscarriage does not always mean you will have a miscarriage. 50% suspected cases threatened miscarriage is a sign of the birth of a baby. Mama’s symptoms include back pain and stomach cramps. If you experience sudden bleeding during pregnancy, immediately consult a gynecologist for further examination.
Well, that’s 13 types of miscarriage that pregnant women need to know Hopefully this information can add insight mama, yes!