Tendinitis is an inflammation that occurs in tendons, which are tissues that connect muscles and bones. This condition can occur in tendons in any part of the body, although it is common in tendons in the shoulders, elbows, knees, ankles, or heels.
When you experience inflamed, the tendons will hurt when the muscles are moved, which can interfere with muscle movement. Tendinitis can last in the short term (acute) or long-term (chronic).
Tendinitis itself has different names in each area. For example, patellar tendinitis in the kneecap area (patellar tendon). These injuries are commonly experienced by volleyball and basketball athletes. In addition to patellar, there are also other terms such as tennis elbow, swimmer’s shoulder, or golfer’s elbow.
Tendinitis is generally caused by repetitive movements, such as jumping movements that basketball athletes often make or swinging hands that tennis athletes often do. However, in certain cases, tendinitis can also occur due to injury due to lifting heavy weights.
Tendonitis Risk Factors
There are several conditions that can increase the risk of tendonitis, among others:
- The use of some antibiotics.
- Age, ligament flexibility will be reduced as the age increases.
- Certain sports that require a lot of practice, such as basketball, golf, tennis, or swimming.
- Smo**king habits.
- Certain jobs, especially those involving repetitive movements.
The signs and symptoms of tendonitis are pain at various levels depending on the severity of the condition, and the swelling followed by redness in the area. You will also experience pain and weakness in the joints or muscles. In some cases, these symptoms will disappear after a few days. But in more severe cases, the pain can feel very excruciating. If these symptoms do not go away and even get worse, you should consult a doctor for treatment.
Complications can occur if left untreated. Mild conditions can be bad. If this happens, you will be advised to have surgery to repair the tendon.
To determine a person has tendinitis, the doctor will conduct anamnesis or medical interview and physical examination. An examination is performed in the area of the tendon that is experiencing pain.
Sometimes radiology examinations can be required, such as X-rays, CT scans, or MRIs. The examination is carried out depending on the tendon area and the suspected disease experienced.
Home remedies for tendonitis
Tendinitis treatment aims to relieve pain and inflammation. The things that need to be done are:
- Rest the inflammatory tendon area
- Compress the affected part with a cold compress to reduce pain
- Taking painrelievers, such as paracetamol and ibuprofen
- Bandage muscle and joint areas that have tendinitis
If by doing these things, the complaint has not improved, the doctor can give steroid injections (anti-inflammatory drugs) to the part of the body that has tendinitis. Sometimes physiotherapy is also needed.
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There are several types of treatments to choose from, including:
Use of drugs
To overcome tendinitis, the most commonly used medications are painrelievers, such as aspirin, naproxen, or ibuprofen that can help reduce discomfort.
There are also topical medications in the form of anti-inflammatory creams that can be used to overcome tendonitis. In fact, this drug has milder side effects than oral painrelievers.
Then, there are also corticosteroids that doctors usually give by injecting around the tendon to overcome tendonitis. This drug can reduce inflammation while relieving pain.
However, corticosteroids are not recommended to overcome persistent tendonitis and have been attacking tendons for more than three months.
In addition to the use of the drug, you can also follow the physical therapy suggested by the doctor. This activity can be done based on the needs of the body, so the physical exercises provided are generally programmed specifically for you.
You may be asked to stretch to overcome painful muscles and tendons. Stretching proved to be one of the alternative treatments that effectively address chronic tendon problems. In fact, stretching is often the first choice of treatment for tendinitis.
In certain situations, physical therapy and drug use turned out to be insufficient to overcome tendonitis. In fact, such treatment may not relieve the symptoms at all.
Therefore, there are times when you have to undergo surgery to overcome the condition you are experiencing. The type of surgery performed is also determined based on the severity of tendinitis.
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Last Updated on March 27, 2021 Reviewed by Market Health Beauty Team