Compared to a real heart attack, silent heart attack is a type of heart attack that works in a “silent operation”.
About half of all heart attacks are misinterpreted as less serious problems, but can increase the risk of death from coronary artery disease.
When a person has a silent heart attack, the sufferer does not even know if he/she is the target of a silent operation that could lead to death in his life.
A silent heart attack, known as silent myocardial infarction (SMI), is responsible for 45 percent more heart attacks and affects men than women.
This heart attack is described as “silent” because when an attack occurs, the symptoms do not have the intensity of a classic heart attack, such as chest pain and extreme pressure, piercing pain in the arm, neck, or jaw, sudden shortness of breath, sweating, and dizziness.
Silent Heart Attack Symptoms
Some of the symptoms of a “silent” heart attack, among them:
- Feeling tired and unwell
- Sore throat
- Mild chest pain
- Discomfort in the arms, back, neck, jaw, or abdomen
- Shortness of breath before or during chest discomfort
- Cold sweats
Patients with “silent” heart attacks do not always feel pain in the left chest, it can be in the middle of the chest.
Sometimes, the pain is also not as sharp or strong as a regular heart attack.
The pain can also last a few minutes, then disappear again. The pain can be like there is an uncomfortable pressure, such as a squeeze, or a regular pain.
Patients with heart attacks who do not immediately receive medical treatment, the risk of dying is three times greater due to coronary heart disease.
Silent Heart Attack Causes
In general, the causes of heart attacks have a lot in common with other heart diseases. Here are the main factors causing a heart attack:
#1. Family History
If you have a relative or family who have died of a heart attack. Beware. Especially if the family member who died is still under 50 years old. You could be at risk like an inherited disease.
#2. Consuming Alco**hol and Drugs
Consuming too much alco**hol can increase blood pressure. In addition, misuse of drugs can also have the same impact. Consuming both of these things excessively can result in the death of a sudden heart attack.
Overeating can also rapidly increase blood pressure and heart rate, which can trigger a heart attack.
#4. Excessive Physical Activity
Having an extreme sport hobby is okay. But everything has stages and processes to go through. If you step over the process and force yourself by doing an excessive exercise, the rhythm of your heart rate can be irregular and can trigger a sudden heart attack.
#5. High Stress
Stress can cause high fatigue and anxiety. Increasing a high and irregular heartbeat due to sudden anger due to high anxiety can increase blood pressure and narrow blood vessels. This condition can lead to the risk of blood clots.
People who smo**ke frequently or are exposed to cigarette smoke are at greater risk of heart disease. The reason is because smo**king can damage the lining of the arteries, thicken the walls of the arteries, and cause a buildup of fats and plaques that inhibit blood flow along the arteries.
As a result, the supply of oxygen and nutrients to the heart becomes hampered and increases the risk of heart disease.
Silent Heart Attack Risk Factors
Heart attacks both “silent” and classic have the same risk factors.
Some of the risk factors for heart attack include:
- High blood pressure
- High levels of bad cholesterol (LDL)
In addition to medical conditions, unhealthy lifestyle choices can also be the cause of heart attacks, among others:
Last Updated on May 19, 2021 Reviewed by Market Health Beauty Team