Shortness of breath causes
Shortness of Breath Causes

20 Shortness of Breath Causes To Watch Out For

Shortness of Breath Causes – Breathing is essential to human survival. But what happens if we have breathing disorders or shortness of breath? Obviously it can degrade our quality of life.

Shortness of breath itself is a condition when you have difficulty in breathing or don’t get enough air intake. There are several causes that allow you asphyxiation. Want to know what caused it?

Shortness of Breath Causes

A person experiencing shortness of breath can be due to obesity factors, exercising too heavily, being in a place with extreme temperatures, or being in an area of a certain height. But if shortness of breath is caused by a health disorder, then the conditions that can cause it are:


Asthma is one of the causes of a person experiencing an attack of shortness of breath. Usually asthma occurs when a person has hereditary factors and there is a history of allergies (atopy).

Asphyxiation attacks in asthmatics vary, some are mild to severe. Usually an attack of shortness of breath that occurs must be triggered by something like exposure to smoke, dust, changes in temperature, or the presence of infection in the respiratory tract.

Read also:
How To Cure Asthma Naturally


Allergy is one of Shortness of Breath Causes. This form of allergy not only shows a red rash or itching throughout the body. In some people, allergies can appear in the form of shortness of breath.

The tightness that arises in allergy sufferers can lead also to life-threatening shock conditions. This condition is usually accompanied by cold sweats, decreased consciousness and decreased blood pressure. So, for those of you who have a history of allergies, it is best to be careful if complaints arise difficulty breathing.

Pulmonary embolism

Pulmonary embolism is a blockage in the pulmonary artery, which supplies blood to the lungs. This blockage can prevent oxygen from reaching the lung tissue, causing you to experience shortness of breath.
Not only that, you will also feel dizziness, severe chest pain, increased or irregular heartbeat, to have a cough accompanied by blood and mucus.

Infections of the respiratory tract and lungs

Infections of the respiratory tract and lungs are Shortness of Breath Causes. Infections of the respiratory tract and lungs, such as tuberculosis, pneumonia (wet lungs), and Corona virus infection.


Pneumonia is an infection that causes the air sacs in one or both lungs, experiencing inflammation. The airbag can also be filled with fluid or pus, causing you to have difficulty breathing.
In addition, the condition can also cause fever, chest pain, cough with phlegm or pus, and chills. Pneumonia can be caused by bacteria, viruses, and fungi.

Carbon Monoxide Poisoning

Another cause of shortness of breath is because you inhale too much carbon monoxide. This substance is odorless, colorless, does not irritate the skin and eyes, but is very dangerous if it settles in the body a lot. This gas is highly toxic and flammable. This gas usually comes from burning oil, gasoline, solid fuel or wood.

Once inhaled, carbon monoxide can be tightly bonded in blood hemoglobin 200 times stronger than oxygen bonds. Carbon monoxide gas will flow with the blood throughout the body, causing damage to cells and tissues due to lack of oxygen. As a result, you will experience various symptoms such as shortness of breath, chest pain, dizziness, nausea and vomiting.


When choking due to swallowing or entry of foreign objects into the airways, as a result, you have difficulty speaking and shortness of breath. Try as much as you can to cough to get things stuck in your throat.

14 Other causes

  • Colds
  • Anemia
  • Pregnancy
  • Sinusitis
  • Low blood pressure
  • Broken ribs
  • Lung cancer
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
  • Heart diseases such as heart failure, heart attack, coronary heart disease, heart weakness, or cardiac arrhythmias
  • Sudden loss of blood
  • Obesity
  • Anxiety disorders
  • Swelling of the throat cover (epiglotitis)
  • Guillain-Barre syndrome
  • Kyphoscoliosis (deformity of the chest wall)
  • Myasthenia Gravis (a condition that causes muscle weakness)

Read also:
The Causes of Shortness of Breath After Eating

Last Updated on January 25, 2021 Reviewed by Market Health Beauty Team

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