Medical conditions that require hospitalization
Medical conditions that require hospitalization

11 Medical Conditions That Require Hospitalization

The doctor will usually recommend you to hospitalization if your illness severe enough. Hospitalization is also done as a preventive action to prevent transmission of the disease. Thus, what diseases require people to stay in the hospital? Here are Medical conditions that require hospitalization.

You need to be hospitalized if experiencing

Infectious disease is the leading cause of most cases of hospitalization in a hospital. Data of the World Health Organization (WHO) shows that out of a total of 57 million deaths in 2008, a total of 36 million people died of infectious diseases.

That’s why infectious diseases need extra handling to improve the quality of life of the patient. However, the hospitalization reference not limited to cases of infectious disease. Here are some diseases that are common require people to undergo hospitalization.

Experiencing Infectious Diseases

If the disease is an infectious disease, then a patient must undergo hospitalization. Usually the treatment will be done in an isolation room so that the disease is not transmitted to other patients. The length of isolation depends on the patient’s overall condition.

Medical conditions that require hospitalization

Diarrhea and vomiting

You will not be hospitalized immediately if the warded diarrhea or vomiting since most of the case can be quickly cured with simple home remedies.

But when the illness failed to recover, and even add severe, or you get to experience the symptoms of dehydration, the doctor will refer you to hospitalization. Vomiting and diarrhea can strike anyone, from infants, children, or older people.

But compared to older people, children and babies are the most frequent age group was hospitalized because these two digestive diseases.

Heart failure.

Heart failure is one of Medical conditions that require hospitalization.

Heart failure is a condition that makes the heart muscle stops working, so the heart can’t pump blood properly. Common signs of heart failure are shortness of breath, fatigue, and swelling in the legs, abdomen, ankles, or lower back area.

When the heart fails to work, you need to be hospitalized so that the doctors can continue to monitor your condition and preventing its development is getting worse in order not to be fatal.


Pneumonia is a lung infection caused by bacteria, viruses, and fungi. The typical symptoms of the disease are “wet lungs”, when inflammation causes lung infections produce more mucus.

The early stages of pneumonia can still be treated with medication such as antibiotics. But when the fever continues to rise above 40 º C despite taking medication, experiencing shortness of breath, and continues to cough endlessly, the doctor will recommend that you enter hospitalization.

During hospitalization, doctors will put an infusion to prevent dehydration and a tool of breath through the oxygen hose if necessary.

Infants, young children, and older people aged 65 years and above is a group of people who are at high risk for hospitalization when pneumonia, regardless of body condition and the severity of symptoms.


Septicemia is one of Medical conditions that require hospitalization.

Septicemia (sepsis) is blood poisoning, which is the complications of infection or injury. Sepsis can be fatal. Symptoms of sepsis include fever, difficulty breathing, abdominal pain, and abnormal heart rate.

Inflammation caused by sepsis can damage various systems of organs and cause failure of the function of the organs of the body.

Without medical treatment, sepsis could develop the more severe becomes septic shock and cause of death in the end. That is, people with this condition usually have to undergo hospitalization.

Kidney failure

A failed kidney function can not filter out the toxins. Piles of toxin in the body can cause damage to other organs in the body. This disease development is very fast, it could continue to deteriorate in a matter of days or even within hours and potentially big complications.

That’s why people who have experienced kidney failure need to be hospitalized. Upon returning from the hospital, patients must also keep the medication so that the doctor can monitor the progression of the condition, whether it’s getting better or advanced care action needs to be more specific.

Beware of the symptoms of kidney failure, such as the body feels weak, shortness of breath, abdominal pain, skin feels itchy, swollen ankles and hands, often experience muscle spasms, and others to immediately perform checks on doctors.


Most cases of anemia do not need hospitalization. But if Your anemia is so severe to the extent of causing a decrease/lost consciousness, changes in heart rate, respiratory disorders to serious (couldn’t breath), you will be recommended to hospitalization until recovered condition.

Tuberculosis (TB)

Tuberculosis (TB) is caused by a bacterial infection that usually attacks the lungs, but can also attack other organs like the heart and bones. TB infection is very easily transmitted, so the sufferer will be advised to hospitalize to quarantine the bacteria spread.

Especially when the symptoms of TB even worsening despite earlier already taking medication and routine outpatient treatment.


Stroke - medical conditions that require hospitalization
Stroke – Medical conditions that require hospitalization

A stroke is a brain injury due to impaired blood flow. Brain cells are not getting enough blood flow and will slowly die in minutes. If not quickly addressed, the strokes can cause permanent brain damage or even death.

That’s why a patient who had a stroke should immediately get the handling of the doctor. Usually the patient will be advised for hospitalization as well as physical therapy so that the function of the body can get back to normal.

Symptoms of a stroke can occur suddenly. Symptoms include dizziness, tingling or numbness in the body, and lost the ability to drive the face, arms, or legs. Read also: 4 Pre stroke warning signs.


A baby who died at the age of more than 20 weeks of pregnancy is called with a stillbirth. The baby is born dead can be caused by many different things, such as the condition of the mother, the fetus, and also the problem of the placenta.

The mother who must undergo the labor to remove a stillbirth are required to take hospitalization afterwards. The goal if to restore physical health of mothers after childbirth.

Internal bleeding

Internal bleeding occurs in the tissue, an organ, or a body cavity suffered injury or trauma. For example, accidents, blunt objects, or side effects of drugs.

Because it occurs in the body, internal bleeding is difficult to be detected and diagnosed, unlike bleeding that penetrates the skin.

In this condition, the patient requires hospitalization so that doctors can figure out the cause and the source of the bleeding, repair damage caused by bleeding, as well as prevents the condition getting worse.

Thank you very much for reading Medical conditions that require hospitalization, hopefully useful.

Last Updated on September 13, 2020 Reviewed by Market Health Beauty Team

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