For most people may not yet be familiar with the term ischaemic heart disease. Ischemic heart disease is a serious condition of heart disorder, the heart disease affects millions of people around the world. Ischemic heart disease also has other names for coronary artery disease.
Ischaemic heart disease
Ischemic heart disease is a condition narrowing of the heart arteries called coronary blood vessels. As with other organs, the heart also requires food substances, as well as oxygen to pump blood throughout the body. The supply of foodstuffs and blood should always be smooth, as the heart works relentlessly, coronary veins are the main part that has the duty to supply blood to the heart.
A study suggests that ischemic heart disease affects the condition of various people of every gender and race, and also often occurs before a person is 20 years old, and is caused by a number of risk factors. Ischemic heart disease occurs when there is partial blockage of blood flow to the heart. If the blood flow is completely obstructed then the tendency of myocardial infarction (heart attack) will occur.
The possible impact caused by ischemic heart disease is the buildup of plaque on an artery called atherosclerosis or hardening of the blood vessels. This can result in blood clots, causing a heart attack or stroke at risk. The hardening of blood vessels and the blockage of the main arteries is one of the main causes of death.
Causes of ischaemic heart disease
Ischemic heart disease is thought to begin with injury or damage to the inner lining of the coronary arteries. This damage caused excess fat deposits to accumulate at the site of injury. This buildup consists of cholesterol and other cellular waste products. This accumulation is called atherosclerosis.
If the injury is broken, platelets will clot in the area, trying to repair blood vessels. These clots can clog arteries, reduce or obstruct blood flow, and cause heart attacks.
Factors causing ischemic heart disease are:
- High cholesterol levels
- Diabetes Mellitus
- Genetic and hereditary factors
So, it is understandable that if the family has a history of heart failure, there is a tendency that you or your children in the future will likely suffer from ischemic heart disease.
Prevention of ischaemic heart disease
Steps that can be done to avoid the actual effect is quite simple. Eating a healthy diet and avoiding the restrictions of heart disease such as foods high in saturated fats, exercising regularly to strengthen the cardiovascular system, stop drinking alco**hol, and quit smo**king. By making a simple lifestyle change you can avoid and prevent the onset of the heart disease.
Saturated fats are one of the main causes of building plaque in arteries. By avoiding fatty foods that contain any type of fat, you can significantly reduce the risk of heart disease. Even if you eat more fish that are high in omega 3 fatty acids, you can significantly reduce the build up of plaque. Omega 3 helps build good HDL cholesterol which helps reduce bad cholesterol (LDL).
Exercise will significantly reduce the risk of ischemic heart disease by helping the body effectively remove excess body fat and reduce the risk caused by obesity.
Some patients with myocardial ischemia did not experience any signs or symptoms (silent ischaemia). When myocardial ischemia does not cause signs and symptoms, it may include:
- Pressure or pain in the chest, usually on the left side of the body (angina pectoris)
- Neck or jaw pain
- Shoulder or arm pain
- Fast Heartbeat
- Shortness of breath
- Nausea and vomiting
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When should you go to the doctor?
If you experience chest pain, especially if accompanied by one or more of the other signs and symptoms listed above, ask for immediate medical treatment. Call your local emergency number. If you don’t have access to emergency medical services, ask someone to drive you to a nearby hospital. Driving alone is just as a last resort, if there is absolutely no other option. Driving yourself makes you and others risky if your condition suddenly deteriorates.