Schizophrenia is a chronic mental disorder that causes the sufferer experiencing delusions, hallucinations, chaotic thoughts, and behavior change. The condition usually lasts a long time is often defined as a mental disorder considering the difficulty of the sufferer distinguishes between reality and the mind itself.
The schizophrenia disease can be affected by anyone, both men and women. Age range 15-35 years is the age of the most vulnerable affected by this condition. The schizophrenia disease is estimated by one percent of the world’s population.
How To Cure Schizophrenia
In treating schizophrenia, the doctor will usually combine cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) with antipsychotic drugs. To increase the chances of recovery, the treatment must also be supported by the support and attention from the people closest to you.
In dealing with schizophrenia, the doctor will combine medicine with psychological therapy. The usual drugs prescribed in these cases is an antipsychotic. Antipsychotics work by affecting neurotransmitter substances in the brain (dopamine and serotonin). In schizophrenics, this medication can decrease agitation and anxiety, lower or prevent the hallucinations and delusions, as well as help keep the ability to think and remember.
Antipsychotics are used in two ways, namely oral (generally pill form) and the syringe. In patients who are easy to set up, the doctor will usually give them antipsychotics pills. But instead, on patients who refuse medication given, they had to be injected. To calm agitated patients, doctors usually will give a benzodiazepine before injecting antipsychotics.
There are two groups of antipsychotic drugs, namely older generation antipsychotics (e.g. fluphenazine, perphenazine, chlorpromazine, and haloperidol) and the new generation (e.g., clozapine, olanzapine, quetiapine, ziprasidone, and aripiprazole, risperidone, paliperidone).
Side effects of the both antipsychotic groups are increasing in weight, constipation, drowsiness, overcast, dry mouth, and decreased s*x passion. While the side effects that only exist on the old generation of antipsychotics are muscles are twitching, trembling body, and muscle spasms.
For patients with schizophrenia who has gone through the acute episode, granting the antipsychotics should still be done during the 1-2 years to prevent recurrence. However, during the acute period has not subsided, usually your doctor will recommend treatment in a mental hospital so that hygiene, nutrition, rest, and security needs of sufferers is assured.
Although already cured, schizophrenic should still be monitored. Usually the doctor will continue to prescribe the drugs to prevent relapse of symptoms. In addition, it is important for the sufferer to recognize signs of the emergence of acute episodes and is willing to discuss the condition with others.
After the symptoms of schizophrenia subsided, need psychological therapy in addition to medication consumption should be continued. In psychological therapy, sufferers will be taught how to cope with stress and to control their disease through identification of signs of relapse. In addition, sufferers will also be taught how to improve the communication skills in order to remain socially interact. This therapy is also beneficial to re-develop the ability of patients in the work.
Psychological therapy is not reserved only for the sufferer. Therapists will also need to provide education on family sufferers about how to cure schizophrenia.