Flat feet, medically referred to pes planus, occurs when the tendons, ligaments, and bones in the soles of the feet can not sustain the body with proper and eventually fall off. Flat feet are considered normal in infants and toddlers. As you get older, the veins in the soles of the feet are tightened and produce shock absorbers. Genetic predisposition, obesity, and the use of footwear that doesn’t support it is the cause of flat foot, as occurs in about 25% of people in the US. In General, flat feet do not cause symptoms or negative implications in older people. But for some, flat feet cause pain in the back or legs, calves, and limit the ability to walk.
In a normal foot, there are nerves that serve pull so the foot hollowed out. That part works like shock breaker, dampen the movement when walking. People who have flat feet, can not walk long, quickly tired, and pain in the legs.
How To Cure Flat Feet
Here are some ways to cure flat feet:
Wear supportive shoes.
Regardless of the type of flat feet you have, wear shoes with good arch cantilever would be little help, and possible cures in total symptoms in the back, legs, or your calves. Try to find athletic shoes with cantilever arches. Support the arches of your feet will help reduce pressure on the Achilles tendon and the tibialis posterior.
Order your own shoe inserts size.
If you have flat feet are flexible (not really stiff) and spent much time to stand or walk, then consider having a shoe insert with your own size. Shoe inserts will support the arches of your feet so that it generates a better biomechanical while standing, walking, and running. By providing a cushion and shock absorber, shoe inserts will also help reduce the likelihood of the problem spreading to other joints such as the ankle, knee, waist, and lumbar spine.
Reduce your weight if you are too fat.
For patients with flat feet should look at their weight, don’t overdo it (fat). If you are overweight, lose weight will provide other health benefits such as reduced pressure on the bone, ligaments, and tendons in your leg, as well as waging a blood circulation to the feet. Losing weight will not restore the rigid flat feet, but it will give a positive impact to other types of flat feet as well as a variety of other benefits. For most women, consume less than 2000 calories per day will lower your body weight per week even if you only do mild exercise. Most guys will drop his weight within a week if they consume less than 2200 calories per day.
Try some physical therapy.
If you still have a flat foot flexibility (not stiff) and is caused by ligaments/tendons that are weak or tight, you might consider some kind of rehabilitation. A physiotherapist will show you specific stretches and customized stretching and exercise to strengthen the foot, Achilles tendon, and Your calf muscles to help restore the arches of Your feet and make it more functional. Physiotherapy usually needed as much as 2-3 times per week during the week of 4-8 to give a positive impact on chronic foot problems.
Consult with a podiatrist.
A podiatrist is a foot specialist that familiar with all its conditions and diseases of the feet, including the flat feet. A podiatrist will examine your feet and try to determine if Your flat feet are congenital (from birth congenital) or occur in ad*lthood. They will also look for the presence of bone trauma (a broken bone or a shift), usually with the help of x-rays. Podiatrist will usually recommend a simple palliative care (rest, ice, and anti-inflammatory when swelling), orthotic therapy, clamping the legs, or some kind of surgery, depending on how severe the symptoms and causes of Your flat feet.
Talk with your doctor about the surgery options.
If Your flat feet is very disturbing, and shoes, shoe inserts, weight reduction, physical therapy or intensive can’t help, then ask your doctor about potential surgery options. Your doctor will use a CT scan, MRI, or ULTRASOUND diagnosis for a better look at the soft tissues of your legs. In the case of a rigid flat feet are severe, especially if caused by tarsal Coalition (the fusion of two or more bones of the feet which is not normal), then surgery recommendations are very possible. The surgery is also recommended for chronic tight Achilles tendon (usually a simple procedure to lengthen tendons) or the tendon of the tibialis back that too long (by way of reduced or cut short). If Your family doctor is not a foot specialist, bones or joints. So, you are likely to be referred to an orthopedic if surgery is needed.
The surgery is considered as a last resort, even though it can form an arch, but very expensive. Surgical interventions mostly for rigid flat feet conditions.
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