Hepatitis B is a serious liver infection caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV). For some people, hepatitis B infections become chronic, causing liver failure, liver cancer or cirrhosis, a condition that causes permanent scarring of the liver. Most people are infected with hepatitis B will fully recover, even if the signs and symptoms are severe enough.
Hepatitis B virus is transmitted through blood and infected bodily fluids, this can happen on the State:
- Direct contact of blood with blood
- The use of non-sterile syringes
- Needlestick infected
- Contaminated needles used to make tattoos, acupuncture, body piercing.
At the time of pregnancy – transmission of mother-foetus on the process of giving birth.
- Use of razor together
- Blood transfusion.
10% of people are infected with hepatitis B will ‘ carry ‘ or store the virus during their life, which was later called hepatitis B carriers. Hepatitis B has 4 phases to become a chronic Hepatitis B, namely:
- Immune tolerance “phase.
- Immune clearance phase.
- Immune control phase.
- Immune escape phase.
During first and third phases, the patient generally has no complaints and referred to as ‘ inactive carriers ‘. However, the person generally cannot last forever in this phase, they will move the phases and always has a risk for the onset of progressive liver damage and formation of liver cirrhosis.
When you actually stated hepatitis B then that needs to be checked is whether the hepatitis B you suffer still transmit it to other people or not. For it needs to be done further examinations i.e. HBeAg and Anti-HBe checks. The results obtained in this way:
HBE Ag reactive/positive and Anti-HBe non reactive/negative meaning that Hepatitis B is still infectious.
HBE Ag non reactive/negative and anti-HBe positive/reactive meaning suffered from Hepatitis B but is not contagious anymore, called a Hepatitis B carrier.
Hepatitis B Surface Antigen (HBsAg) is one of the examination is usually performed to detect whether there is a hepatitis B infection is acute and chronic. If the results are positive, then the people generally suffer from chronic hepatitis B, in which the value of the HBsAg will remain positive after a period of a few months in 5-10% of patients who undergo hepatitis B infection.
Hepatitis B How to Cure
Treatment of hepatitis B is dependent upon how the longer the virus in your body, so the right to treatment, it’s best to consult a specialist in internal medicine.
Treatment for chronic hepatitis B by giving antivirals such as lamivudine and interferon alpha. However, before being given the treatment, hepatitis B serology is required to complete, for example the levels of HBV-DNA and liver function (SGPT and SPOT). It aims to assess whether you have indications to be given antiviral therapy, and to monitor the progression of the disease after being given the drug.
Thank you very much for reading Hepatitis B How to Cure, hopefully useful.