What causes asthma
What causes Asthma (Image: Pixabay)

What causes Asthma? Here are 14 Main causes of Asthma

What causes Asthma? Asthma is a type of long-term or chronic illness in the respiratory tract characterized by inflammation and airway narrowing that causes tightness or difficulty breathing.

For someone who has an asthma disease, the respiratory tract is more sensitive than others who do not live with this condition. When the lungs are irritated over the above, the respiratory tract muscles of asthma sufferers will become stiff and make the channel narrowed. In addition, there will be increased production of phlegm that makes breathing harder to do.

Asthma symptoms.

The perceived symptoms of asthma sufferers in addition to breathing difficulty are chest pain, cough, and wheezing. This is also one of the types of diseases that can be experienced by all ages, from children to parents.

What causes asthma?

What causes Asthma is definitely unknown. However, there are some things that can trigger the appearance of the symptoms of the disease, including:

  • Infections of the lungs and airway that generally attack the upper airway like the flu.
  • Factors of weather conditions, such as cold weather, windy weather, hot weather supported by poor air quality, humid weather, and drastic temperature changes.
  • The room interior conditions are moist, moldy, and dusty.
  • Environment: Allergens (animal feathers, dust mites, and flower powders). Exposure to substances in the air, such as chemical smoke, ciga**rette smoke, and air pollution.
  • Stress.
  • Excessive emotion (protracted sadness, excessive anger, and laughing out loud).
  • Physical activity (e.g. sports).
  • Medications, such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory pain reliever drugs (aspirin, naproxen, and ibuprofen) and beta inhibiting drugs (usually administered in patients with heart disorders or hypertension).
  • Foods or beverages containing sulfite (a natural substance that is sometimes used as a preservative), such as jam, shrimp, processed foods, fast food, fruit juices, be**er, and wi**ne.
  • Food allergies (e.g. nuts).
  • Gastro esophageal reflux disease (GERD) or diseases in which gastric acid back rises into the esophagus, so it irritates the upper gastrointestinal tract.

Read also:
Cough variant asthma: The Causes, Symptoms, Diagnose, and Treatment.


The surrounding environment can be one factor of asthma causes. Because in the environment, there are pollutants that can cause your respiratory tract to be disturbed due to narrowing and shortness of breath.

Some things from the environment that can be the cause of asthma are allergic to dust, flower powder, mites, animal feathers, air pollution, conditions in the space that are moist and moldy, chemical smoke, and ciga**rette smoke.


Allergies are one of the most common causes of asthma. Because, allergies and asthma are related to each other.

In people with allergies, the immune system produces an antibody that is called histamine to resist substances that are not harmful. For example, food or animal fur. Histamine will then circulate to all organs, such as skin, eyes, nose, airway, lungs, and gastrointestinal tract through the bloodstream. Consequently, the body will bring about various exaggerated reactions. One is a typical shortness of breath of asthma.

Excessive physical activity.

Physical activity, such as excessive exercise, can also be the cause of asthma. Although exercise is highly recommended to do, and good for health, but if you do it excessively will certainly have a negative impact on health, namely the trigger of recurrence of asthma disease.

Complications of asthma.

  • Psychological problems (anxiety, stress, or depression).
  • Decreased performance at school or at work.
  • The body often feels tired.
  • Growth disorders and puberty in children.
  • Status asthmaticus (a severe asthma condition that does not respond to normal therapy).
  • Pneumonia.
  • Respiratory failure.
  • Damage to some or all of the lungs.
  • Death.

Asthma treatment.

In the treatment of asthma, there are two things that need to be done, namely relieve symptoms and prevent symptoms of relapse. For that, it is important to undergo treatment with a doctor so that it can be administered medication to overcome asthma.

Read also:
How To Cure Asthma Naturally.

Thank you very much for reading What causes Asthma?, hopefully useful.

Last Updated on January 16, 2022 Reviewed by Market Health Beauty Team

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