Tightness in throat
Tightness in throat

Tightness in Throat: Causes, and How To Reduce and Relieve it

Have you ever felt that its name is sore throat, but also accompanied by a condition of shortness of breath (Tightness in Throat)? 

Read also: Essential oils for sore throat.

The throat is part of the upper airway between the larynx and the bronchial branch. The role is very important, so if experiencing distractions are very disturbing you.

Do not ignore if Tightness in Throat so it makes you unable to swallow food. Although most are not serious, the tightness in throat signifies there is something wrong in the body.

Causes of tightness in throat

When a sore throat and shortness of breath condition (tightness in throat) occur simultaneously, it can be a sign that your body may be suffering from the following conditions.

  • Laryngitis
  • Pharyngitis
  • Heartburn.
  • Acid stomach rise (GERD)
  • Heart failure.
  • Respiratory narrowing in asthma patients.
  • Respiratory tract Infections.
  • Sore throat.
  • Tonsillitis.


Laryngitis is a condition in which the larynx is subjected to inflammation. Larynx or vocal cords can be exposed to inflammation so not only feels tightness in throat, even it can also be accompanied by shortness of breath as well as rasp or lost sound. If you suffer from flu and cold, then the risk of laryngitis is relatively high, so of course you need to overcome the cold and flu first to restore the throat and respiratory tract.

Read also: Stages of a cold in humans.

How to overcome it:

It is not difficult in overcoming laryngitis, which is enough with a good arrangement of air humidity of the room, taking medication fever and pain, drinking much plain water, avoiding exposure to dust, talking to slow voice, inhaling the menthol, and not smo**king.

Read also: How to tell if you have a fever?


Heartburn is a common problem of tightness in throat. Your throat can be painful or burning, or you have difficulty swallowing. This condition occurs if gastric acid rises to the esophagus and propagates to the throat. If it happens often, it may be a sign of a gastroesofageal reflux, or GERD.

Heartburn usually feels after eating or lying after a meal. A number of food and beverage triggers include tomatoes, spicy or fatty foods, alco**hol, or foods with many acids, such as oranges. Stress, smo**king, and obesity make it easier for you to get it.

Another symptom that may accompany nausea is pain after eating, bitter or salty in the mouth, feeling like the food is stuck in the throat or chest.

To avoid this, avoid trigger food. Stop eating at least three hours before bedtime. Sleep with the head higher so that stomach acids remain in place while you sleep. If antacids do not help and attack more frequently, visit a doctor.

Gastric acid or GERD.

Gastric acid or GERD (Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease) is a disease due to gastric acid or the contents of the stomach rise to the throat. This occurs due to the weakness of the muscles that restrict the stomach and lower throat. The symptoms will feel heavier when we lie down, because the stomach acid is easier to flow upwards.

Here are some symptoms that can be experienced due to GERD including:

  • Pain in the liver.
  • Discomfort in the chest area.
  • Pain in the chest area.
  • Dizziness.
  • The feeling of heat / like burning in the chest area (heartburn).
  • Nausea and vomiting.
  • Cough.
  • Limp.
  • Mouth can feel bitter.
  • Sensation of burning in the chest to the throat.
  • Difficulty swallowing as there is something that blocking the throat (tightness in throat).
  • Bad breath.

We recommend that you check with your doctor to confirm the cause. Do not delay this examination, especially when tightness in throat:

  • Does not improve in 2 weeks.
  • Accompanied by a 39 degree Celsius fever for several days.
  • Pain does not subside with pain relievers and other medications.

How to reduce tightness in throat.

A few things you can do to reduce your complaint:

  • Avoid smo**king.
  • Avoid exposure to dust, smoke and cold air.
  • Get enough rest a minimum of 6 hours/day.
  • Eat healthy and nutritious 3 times a day. Strengthen vegetables and fruit. Reduce foods that are fried / oily.
  • Many drink water at least 3 liters/day.
  • Drink warm water to reduce the discomfort in the throat.
  • Take painkillers such as ibuprofen when the pain is unbearable.

How to relieve tightness in throat

You should consult a pulmonary specialist to find out exactly what the cause of your complaint is.

The doctor will conduct a series of interviews and physical examinations, including blood screening, chest radiographs and sputum examination.

Last Updated on February 25, 2022 Reviewed by Market Health Beauty Team

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