Sleeve gastrectomy
Sleeve Gastrectomy

Sleeve Gastrectomy: Definition, Benefits, 3 Processes, and Complications

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Maybe you’ve tried all kinds of diets, and none of them are effective in losing weight. At the same time you have surrendered and given up on your genetic condition.

If this happens and you still want to get the ideal body, you can try a surgical procedure known as Sleeve Gastrectomy.

What is The Sleeve Gastrectomy Procedure?

Sleeve Gastrectomy is a surgical procedure that induces weight loss by limiting food intake. The procedure is performed by a surgeon by removing about 75% of your stomach.

A sleeve gastrectomy removes the lower part of the abdomen and leaves a tubular pouch there rather than inserting silicone. This procedure reduces the size of the patient’s stomach, causing the patient to eat less and lose weight.

This procedure is known as a sleeve, because eventually your stomach will be shaped like a sleeve that stores less food.

Statistically the weight loss reported by performing this procedure ranges from 60% of the excess weight; better results are obtained by good adherence to dietary guidelines and a healthy lifestyle.

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With regular exercise, and good eating habits, patients undergoing Sleeve Gastrectomy will enjoy and maintain good weight loss.

Most patients find that after the recovery process, they can comfortably eat a wide variety of foods, including fibrous meats and vegetables. Unlike gastric bands and gastric bypass, Sleeve Gastrectomy is a permanent procedure.

Removing part of the stomach will reduce levels of a hormone called ghrelin, commonly referred to as the “hunger hormone”. So, many people find that they are much less hungry after gastrectomy surgery.

Surgery can also be used to treat high blood pressure and other obesity-related conditions. Not every overweight patient can undergo the procedure, only those with a BMI over 35 are eligible.

Sleeve Gastrectomy Benefits

Sleeve gastrectomy for weight loss
Sleeve Gastrectomy: Definition, Benefits, 3 Processes, and Complications 2

You can lose weight long-term, but it also depends on you maintaining a lifestyle. Long-term weight loss can also help your obesity problem.

How is it done?

Before undergoing a laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy

Patients expected to get some investigations conducted before the surgery.

These tests include cholesterol levels, blood sugar, vitamins, minerals, sonography and sleep studies in the case of patients suffering from sleep apnea.

Once the date of surgery has been decided, patients are required to go on a high protein, low carb and low-fat diet. This diet should begin 7-10 days before the date of surgery. It helps in terms of reducing liver swelling and making surgery easier.

How is the laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy process?

As surgery is performed with minimal invasive techniques (Laparoscopy) stay in the hospital does not exceed 2-3 days. There is a small incision of about 4-5 on the abdomen that heals quickly and by the time the scar becomes invisible.

The stitches dissolve themselves and so they do not inhibit daily activities such as sleeping on the stomach, turning around, bathing, walking, driving and so on. 

If the surgery is performed by a skilled doctor, the patient can resume work within a few days the patient is advised to take a walk from the day of surgery due to the fastens healing process.

What should I do after undergoing a laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy?

Postoperative patients are advised on diet and exercise. 

So if you are obese or have friends and family members of obese and plan to resolve it, contact your doctor for further advice.

Sleeve gastrectomy complications

Like other procedures, there are several possible risks. Ask the surgeon to explain the risk to you. Possible complications in the procedure can generally include reactions to anesthesia, bleeding, or clotting in the blood (deep vein thrombosis, DVT).

In laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy procedures, there are several possible complications, such as:

  • Damage to structures such as intestines, bladder or blood vessels
  • Surgical emphysema
  • The appearance of hernias around the incision
  • Bleeding on staple‐line
  • Leakage of staple‐line or onset of wounds to the stomach or intestines
  • Sleeve narrowing
  • Onset of acid reflux
  • Malnutrition
  • Death.

Read also:
Benefits and How To Use Apple Cider Vinegar For Acid Reflux

You can minimize the risk of complications by following instructions from a doctor before surgery, such as fasting and stopping taking certain medications.

Last Updated on August 27, 2020 Reviewed by Market Health Beauty Team

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