Psychiatric disorders
Psychiatric Disorders

Psychiatric Disorders: Definition, 7 Classifications, List, Causes, and Symptoms

Severe Trauma from an event or disruption of brain function can cause a person to suffer from a mental disorder. Various Psychiatric disorders include anxiety disorders, psychotic disorders, mood disorders, personality disorders, and eating disorders.

Psychiatric Disorders Definition

Mental disorders or Psychiatric Disorders are clinically meaningful syndrome or behavioral patterns that are associated with stress or suffering and cause disruption to one or more functions of human life.

Mental disorders are a health problem that affects how a person thinks, behaves, and interacts with others significantly. If left untreated, people who suffer from mental disorders will be difficult to do, work, and even interact with others.

Psychiatric disorders classification

Given the many types of Psychiatric disorders, experts group them into the following categories:

Mood disorders (emotions)

This mental disorder can be characterized by a prolonged feeling of sadness, a happy and full-energy period for some time, or the extreme change from a very happy feeling to the very sad.

Some examples of mood disorders include:

  • Depression
  • Bipolar disorder
  • Cyclo chemistry
  • Premenstrual dysphoric disorders.

Anxiety disorder

Everyone must have felt anxious, and it is normal. But in people with anxiety disorders, the anxiety lasts constant and paralyzes the daily functions.

Sufferers will find it difficult to concentrate and sleep accordingly. In addition, there can also be physical symptoms such as rapid heartbeat and excessive sweating.

Some examples of anxiety disorders are as follows:

  • General anxiety disorder
  • Panic Disorder
  • Social anxiety disorder
  • Phobias.

Personality disorders

In people with personality disorders, they have a very inflexible mindset, behavior, and emotion that hurt themselves.

Sufferers will have difficulties to change behavior or adapt to different situations. To establish good relations with other people is usually difficult.

Examples of personality disorders:

  • Anti-social personality disorder
  • Paranoid personality disorder
  • Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder
  • Narcissistic personality disorder.

Psychotic disorders

Psychotic disorders are a group of diseases that make a person difficult to distinguish reality. The sufferer can experience hallucinations (seeing or hearing things that are actually unreal) and delusional (believing things that do not fit into the real state).

Here are some examples of psychotic disorders:

  • Schizophrenia
  • Schizaffective disorders
  • Delusional disorder
  • Paraphrenia.

Eating disorders

Eating disorders are most commonly found in teenage girls and young women. However, men can also experience it.

People with eating disorders have different attitudes toward food, which makes them experience irregularities in behavior and eating habits.

Examples of the most common eating disorders include:

  • Binge eating disorder
  • Anorexia nervosa
  • Bulimia nervosa
  • Pica eating disorders.

Trauma-related mental disorders

This mental disorder can arise from a traumatic experience. For example persecutions, se**xual haras**sment, ra**pe, natural disasters, death of loved ones, and much more.

Sufferers can have prolonged flashback memories and nightmares related to the shaking things he has ever experienced. Examples of trauma-related mental disorders are post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

Substance Abuse disorder

Excessive and uncontrollable use of certain substances may lead to impaired substance abuse. For example, alco**hol addiction, mari**juana, and nicotine.

Not only addictive, these substances can also lead to a change of behavior and problems in the daily life of the sufferer.

Most Dangerous Psychiatric Disorders List

Psychiatric disorders list
Psychiatric Disorders: Definition, 7 Classifications, List, Causes, and Symptoms 2



Schizophrenia is a psychological / psychiatric disorder caused by chemical abnormalities in the brain, which ultimately impairs systemic functioning and brain nerve impulses. This condition resulted in the failure of brain function in the processing of information from and to the five senses, so not supposed projection arises.

General characteristics of Schizophrenia:

  • The emergence of hallucinations either visually, hearing or projection of past memories, etc.
  • Abnormal behavior and based on instinct.
  • Delusion is the belief that someone seems to experience something (fantasy world)
  • Communication is chaotic, likes to be alone and cannot be controlled.

Data and fact:

Based on medical research, nearly 10% schizophrenic people commit sui**cide or sufferers commit violent acts to others around it.

Many things that can cause the patient to do self-defeating deeds for that need full support, affection, and attention from the family and the need for a companion (caregiver) to PWS.

Read also:
Schizophrenia In Children: Symptoms, Risk Factors, and When To See A Doctor

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

If you often do repetitive activities due to a certain belief or fear, then you suffer from obsessive compulsive disorder.

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) can cause a person to get stuck in the habit of doing something repetitively to reduce his or her anxiety. They were forced to perform certain rituals to control the situation for them to return to comfort. Including those who repeatedly bite his nails to relieve anxiety.

Bipolar disorder

Bipolar disorder makes the sufferer experience sudden changes in mood.

There are people who experience sudden changes in mood from laughing out loud to being sad, from angry to happy, and others. Usually the cause of bipolar disorder is a very severe sense of stress, depression, and frustration, but it can also be caused by experiencing severe life pressure.


This type of mental disorder is a close disorder appearing in fictional figures in the film. Psychopathy is portrayed as a mental disorder with a terrible obsession and detrimental to the people around him. People with psychopathic disorders have no empathy, no responsibility and only care about their personal desires and pleasures. Adverse behaviors caused by psychopathic are considered to be pleasing to him and there is no sense of regret.

Psychopathy is very intelligent and able to learn the surrounding well to fulfill his needs, selfish, unfeeling, easy emotions and vengeful, full of clever tricks, likes to make problems. But people with this psychopathic are very clever to hide themselves in society. They tend to like being alone and societal just for their needs.

Anorexia or bulimia nervosa

Be careful if you always complain with your weight and then have a disturbance to the diet. You may experience anorexia or bulimia nervosa.

A person who always feels unsatisfied about her weight and experiencing intense depression and anxiety will be experienced by the anorexia nervosa sufferer. While the mental illness associated with eating patterns is called bulimia nervosa. She did not hesitate to enjoy all the food in front of him with excessive portions, but trying to spew it forcibly, it can also consume laxatives. Usually it afflicts by women.

Antisocial Personality Disorder

You’re always cynical and afraid of interacting with others? It could be that you have anti-social disorders.

This disorder belongs to the personality disorder where it is also known as sociopathy. This kind of personality disorder will usually always be cynical, less likely to have feelings, lack empathy, often insulting others, whether it’s suffering, right or feeling, aggressive, and can’t adapt to society.

Schizoaffective disorder

Definition: schizaffective disorder is a mental disorder that is characterized by the presence of symptoms of a combination of schizophrenia and symptoms of affective disorder (mood disorders)

General characteristics of sufferers:

Schizoaffective disorders have a good characteristic of schizophrenia and affective disorders (mood disorders).

The occurrence of schizophrenia symptoms such as: hallucinations, hearing promptings, delusions, communication disorder with affective disorders such as anxiety, depression, sadness, anger or also hysteria.

Patients with this Schizoaffective problem are the most dangerous and more likely to commit sui**cide than other types of schizophrenia.

Multiple Identity Disorder

Definition: dissociative identity disorder is a mental disorder that results in the formation of two or more distinct personalities. Each individual with their own memories, beliefs, behaviors, mindset, and how to look at the environment and themselves. At least two of these personalities have repeatedly held full control over the body of the individual.

General characteristics of sufferers:

  • Sufferers experience insignificant feelings, feeling separated from themselves both physically and mentally.
  • People feel they do not inhabit their own bodies and consider themselves as strangers or are not real.
  • Experience time distortion, amnesia, and time lapse
  • Changing the condition of sufferer occurs when one personality exchanged with another personality.
  • Headache and sui**cidal desires.


Erotomania is a type of psychic disorder that can cause delusions, where the sufferer will always feel that there is someone who secretly has a crush on him.

Usually or most sufferers of this erotomania disorder are women, and usually an Imagaric object is a well-known public figure.

The case is: the sufferer will always assume a famous actor that she likes has a crush on him, when in fact she has never met the famous actor.

Alice in Wonderland syndrome

The syndrome called “Alice in the Wonderland” is a type of perception of the human psychic. So, the sufferers of these syndromes will often feel that he is a very small creature, so the objects surrounding him are often considered as objects of giant size.

Causes and Risk Factors for Psychiatric Disorders

The cause of mental disorders until now has not been known for sure. This incidence of mental disorders can be caused by a trigger of affective function in a family that does not go well. When this affective function is not able to run properly, there are psychological disorders that affect the psychiatric of all family units.

However, there are several factors that are known to increase the risk of a person to experience mental disorders, including:

  • Genetic or congenital factors born
  • A family history of mental disorders
  • Severe stress
  • Never experienced traumatic events, such as victims of harassment or violence
  • Use of illegal drugs and excessive consumption of alco**holic beverages
  • Certain medical conditions, such as severe brain injuries, stroke, and thyroid disorders.

Psychiatric Disorders Symptoms

There are several signs of unhealthy physiological function, namely:

  • Uncomfortable feeling (inadequacy);
  • Insecurity;
  • Lack of confidence;
  • Lack of self-understanding;
  • Less satisfaction in social-related;
  • Emotional immaturity;
  • His personality was disturbed;
  • Experiencing pathology in the nervous system structure.

Thank you very much for reading Psychiatric Disorders: Definition, Classifications, List, Causes, and Symptoms, hopefully useful.

Last Updated on August 5, 2020 Reviewed by Market Health Beauty Team

Sharing is caring!