Low Uric Acid Diet – Among other things given to patients with gout, in which high uric acid levels in the blood.
Purine is a protein that belongs to the nucleoproteins. The result of metabolism in the body is uric acid, excessive levels of uric acid in blood circulation in the long term can cause deposits in the joints will then cause complaints of rheumatoid arthritis.
What is uric acid disease?
Uric acid disease is a condition in which there is an increase in uric acid in the blood. Uric acid is the result of the breakdown of Purines obtained from both the food and the body itself that produce it. The low uric acid diet aims to control the production of uric acid in the body and helps increase the expenditure of uric acid from the body.
Purine is a result of protein metabolism that can form uric acid crystals and can accumulate in the joints of the hand as well as kidney or urinary tract.
Read also: How To Cure Gout Naturally
Uric Acid Symptoms
Symptoms of uric acid disease:
- Sudden and repetitive joint pain
- Swelling of the affected joints
- Exfoliation of the affected joints
- Frequent urination, especially during nighttime and early morning
Low Uric Acid Diet
For low Purine diet for uric acid sufferers of course should also pay attention to the adequacy of energy and the type or composition of nutrient substances, so that the sufferer can still work and activities as usual.
- Lowering uric acid levels in the blood.
- Accelerate the excretion of uric acid.
Low Purine dietary requirements:
- Energy as per body requirement
- Consumption of low purine food, 120-150 mg daily
- Enough calories, proteins, minerals, and vitamins. (Protein 1-1.2 kg/BW or 10-15% of total energy requirement)
- High charcoal hydrate. Charcoal hydrate helps the excretion of uric acid.
- Moderate fat (10-20% of total energy requirement). Fats tend to inhibit uric acid secretion.
- Plenty of fluids to help remove excess uric acid
- Low Purine Food
- Fat use is restricted, because fats tend to inhibit the uric acid secretion
- Plenty of drinking, to aid the expenditure of excess uric acid, 2-3 liters per day. To prevent the deposition of uric acid in the kidneys (kidney stones)
- Food as per balanced menu
- Sources of carbohydrates, such as rice, porridge, vermicelli. Bread, wheat, macaroni, pasta, corn, potatoes, yam, taro, cassava, and oatmeal.
- The source of animal protein, such as eggs, skim milk or low-fat milk, low fat yogurt.
- Vegetables, such as carrots, chayote, long beans, eggplant, bitter gourd, cucumber, pumpkin, water lettuce, tomato, lettuce, radish, and others.
- All kinds of fruits.
- All types of non-alcoholic drinks.
- All types of seasonings (to taste).
- Meat, chicken, tuna, mackerel, Pomfret, milkfish, shellfish, shrimp is limited to a maximum of 50 grams per day.
- Tempeh, tofu a maximum of 50 grams per day, and nuts (green beans, peanuts, soybeans) at most 25 grams per day.
- Spinach, beans, gnetum leaves or seeds, peas, cauliflower, asparagus, kale and mushrooms a maximum of 100 grams per day.
- Condensed tea or coffee.
- Fatty food and use of condensed coconut milk, fried foods.
- Contains high purine levels between 150-800mg per 100 grams of food, such as liver, kidney, heart, brain spleen, ham, sausage, tripe, intestine, lung, sardine, meat broth, duck, bird, goose, mussel, and yeast.
- Drinks containing soda, alcohol, or high fructose (soft drinks, wine, beer).
Things that need to be considered:
- Exercise regularly to prevent joint stiffness.
- When accompanied by high blood pressure and / or heart disease, low-salt diets are also given.
- Be careful with energy drinks or supplements (better consult a doctor).
- Cooking by boiling, steaming, sautéing, grilling.
- Many eat fruits that contain water to facilitate the release of uric acid.
Thank you very much for reading Low Uric Acid Diet: Goals, and 5 Food to Recommend, Limited, and Avoided, hopefully useful.