Difficulty breathing and stress on the face so pain, is a common symptom of sinusitis. This condition can cause people with sinusitis to keep sneezing, colds, and coughs. So, Is Sinus Infection Contagious?
Is Sinus Infection Contagious?
Just like the flu, it turns out sinusitis contagious from the patient to others. How is sinusitis transmitted to a healthy person?
Sinusitis is contagious or not, depending on the cause.
Sinusitis is an infection or inflammation that occurs in the sinus wall, which is a small air-filled cavity located behind the cheekbones and forehead. This is why people who experience sinusitis often feel pressure on the face, not just respiratory disorders. In some cases, the disease can be transmitted from the patient to a healthy person. However, it really depends on the cause of sinusitis.
Sinusitis infection is often caused by infectious organisms such as viruses and bacteria. However, experts do not fully agree with the problem of transmission of sinusitis infection.
It is because sinusitis can be caused by many things.
The Sinus is a series of skull bone cavity that serves to prevent foreign particles such as dust or bacteria from entering the body. The Sinus is coated with a mucus to trap the particles. Furthermore the small hair called cilia will sweep back those particles to get out of the body.
Other causes of sinusitis
Another thing that can cause your sinus to close can also lead to sinusitis. Acute sinus infections that usually occur up to 10 days are mostly caused by viruses. However, bacteria and fungi are also sometimes the cause.
While chronic sinusitis that occurs more than 10 days or occurs repeatedly may increase other risks such as nasal polyps, allergies, immune system problems and nasal septum deviations.
Types and Symptoms of sinusitis
In fact, symptoms of sinusitis not only have a nasal congestion, loss of smell, or pain in the face. This disease can also make a headache that can interfere with the activity. Well, here are explanations of types and symptoms of sinusitis.
This sinusitis generally lasts for 4 – 12 weeks. This disease is usually caused by a common cold that comes from a viral infection. However, there are times when allergic and bacterial infections and fungi can also trigger acute sinusitis.
When a person has acute sinusitis, the cavity around their nose (sinus) will experience inflammation and then swell. This can interfere with the fluid inside the nose and mucus will be produced more than usual. Well, this is will make the difficulty of breathing. Then, what about the symptoms of acute sinusitis?
If the sinus is experiencing inflammation, the symptoms may be:
- Watery or stuffy nose.
- Facial and head hurt.
- Discharge the nasal mucus that is abnormal, yellowish or greenish, and smells bad.
- Smell disorder.
- Bad breath.
In addition to the above, acute sinusitis can sometimes make fatigue, bad breath, and toothache.
Chronic sinusitis usually lasts for more than 12 weeks, or you have already contracted this disease many times. This condition is usually caused by infection, polyps in the nose, or bone abnormalities in the nasal cavity.
As with acute sinusitis, we can also have difficulty breathing through the nose and experiencing pain in the face and head. Here are other chronic sinusitis symptoms:
- The onset of pain, sensitivity, or swelling around the eyes, cheeks, nose or forehead.
- The presence of viscous liquids, discoloration of the nose or the presence of fluid flows from behind the throat.
- Decreased sense of smell and taste (in older people) or cough (in children).
- Blockage to the nose that make breathing difficulties.
In addition to the four common symptoms above, chronic sinusitis can also cause other symptoms, such as pain in the ears, upper jaw and teeth, worsening cough at night, and sore throat. In some cases, it can also cause nausea and bad breath.
Is Sinus Infection Contagious? The answer is it is depending on the cause.
Actually, in some cases of sinusitis, this disease can be transmitted from one person to the healthy. However, it relies heavily on the cause of sinusitis.
When the sinus is clogged and filled by mucus, it is common cold or flu symptoms. Well, the bacteria in there can develop and cause infections in the sinus. In most cases, bacteria that cause sinusitis are Streptococcus pneumonia, Staphylococcus aureus, Haemophilus influenza, and Moraxella catarrhalis.
Read also: Stages of a cold in humans.
In addition to bacteria, sinusitis can also be caused by viral infections. Sinusitis caused by this virus can be transmitted to others. It is necessary to affirm, although the virus can spread, but does not mean that one will directly infected with sinusitis as well.
The reason is obvious, the switch is just the virus. While each person will not necessarily experience infection.
Thank you very much for reading Is Sinus Infection Contagious? Hopefully useful.