A hernia is a condition that occurs when the organs in the body press and stick through weak muscle tissue or surrounding connective tissue. The connective tissue of the body should be strong enough to hold the organs in it to stay in its own position. However, some things cause connective tissue to weaken so that it cannot hold the organs in it and result in a hernia.
The condition usually appears on the abdomen between your chest and hips. However, a hernia can also appear on the upper groin and groin area.
Most types of hernia are usually not life-threatening, but this condition cannot disappear by itself. Sometimes, a hernia requires surgery to prevent dangerous complications.
If this condition only arises due to pressure or strain, it is known as reducible hernia and it is harmless.
Tissue that is trapped in openings or spaces and can no longer be returned is called an incarcerated hernia. This condition is a serious problem.
The most dangerous hernia is strangulation. In this condition, the trapped tissue loses the blood supply and dies.
Types of hernia definition
Hernia consists of several types, namely:
Inguinal hernia occurs when part of the intestine or fatty tissue in the abdominal cavity sticks out into the groin. Inguinal hernias are the most common type of hernia and men have a higher risk of experiencing it.
Femoral hernia occurs when fat tissue or part of the intestine sticks out of the inner upper thigh. The risk of women suffering from this type of hernia is higher, especially pregnant or overweight (obese).
Umbilical hernia occurs when part of the intestine or fat tissue pushes and sticks out of the abdominal wall, precisely in the navel. This type of hernia is usually experienced by infants and children under the age of 6 months because the umbilical cord hole is not completely closed after the baby is born.
Hiatal hernia occurs when part of the stomach sticks out into the chest cavity through the diaphragm (the bulkhead between the chest cavity and the abdominal cavity). This type of hernia generally occurs in the elderly (>50 years). If a child has a hiatal hernia, the condition is caused by a congenital abnormality.
An incisional hernia occurs when the intestine or tissue sticks out through surgical scars in the abdomen or pelvis. An incisional hernia can occur if the surgical wound in the abdomen does not close perfectly.
Epigastric hernia occurs when fat tissue sticks out through the upper abdominal wall, precisely from the liver to the navel.
Spigelian hernia occurs when part of the intestine pushes the connective tissue (spigelian fascia) located on the outer side of the rectus abdominis muscle, which is a muscle that stretches from the ribs to the pelvic bone with the characteristic bulge known as the “six pack”. Spigelian hernias most often arise in the spigelian belt area, i.e. The lower navel area.
Diaphragmatic hernia occurs when part of the gastric organ sticks out into the chest cavity through a diaphragm gap. This type of hernia can also be experienced by babies when the formation of the diaphragm is less than perfect.
Muscle hernia occurs when part of the muscle sticks out through the abdominal wall. This type of hernia can also occur in the leg muscles due to injury while exercising.
How to Tell If You Have a Hernia
Causes of Hernia Definition
- The constipation that causes the sufferer must strain.
- A pregnancy that will increase the pressure in the stomach.
- Sudden weight gain.
- Build-up of fluid inside the abdomen (abdominal cavity).
- Lifting heavy weights.
- Overweight or obesity.
- Prolonged cough.
Hernia surgery recovery
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