Hemorrhagic Stroke Treatment – Hemorrhagic Stroke is the rupture of one of the arteries in the brain that triggers bleeding around the organ so the blood flow in some of the brain is reduced or interrupted. Without the oxygen supply that blood cells carry, brain cells can be quickly died so the brain function can be permanently interrupted.
Bleeding during rupture of blood vessels in the brain is called intracerebral hemorrhage, while bleeding in the blood vessels in the space between the wrapping layer of the middle and inner brain is called a subarachnoid hemorrhage.
Read also: Stroke In Eye: 3 Types, Causes, and Symptoms.
Symptoms of hemorrhagic Stroke
The symptoms that arise because of hemorrhagic stroke attacks may vary depending on how much disturbed tissues, location, and severity of the bleeding occur.
Symptoms of intracerebral hemorrhage stroke (brain hemorrhage), among them are:
- Heavy headache.
- Nausea and vomiting.
- Decreased consciousness.
Other symptoms that can occur are weak, paralysis on one side of the body, impaired speech, the eye cannot be moved toward a certain direction, impaired vision, and look confused.
Meanwhile, a subarachnoid hemorrhagic stroke (subarachnoid hemorrhage) is indicated by early symptoms of double vision and sudden headaches. These symptoms occur before the blood vessels rupture. After rupture of blood vessels, some symptoms may arise, among others:
- Pain in the face area or around the eyes.
- Blurred vision.
- Stiff neck.
- Decreased consciousness.
Symptoms in subarachnoid hemorrhage may deteriorate within 24 hours, in which the cerebrospinal fluid irritates the brain’s protective membrane (meningens) resulting in neck stiffness symptoms, back pain, dizziness, and may be followed by vomiting.
Symptoms of heavy bleeding until the decline of consciousness can occur suddenly, so the sufferer must be rushed to the hospital. Not infrequently the sufferer becomes a coma or even dies before arriving at the hospital.
When should I check with a doctor?
If you or someone is experiencing the above symptoms, although the symptoms often appear and disappear, you should seek medical help immediately.
Here are some ways you can find out if a person is likely to suffer a stroke or not:
- Ask the person for a smile. Does one part of his face looking weak or “falling”?
- Ask the person to lift both arms. Does one of his arms tends to go down and harder to lift?
- Say one simple sentence and ask the person repeat it. Does it sound weird or messy?
Emergency care is essential for hemorrhagic strokes. If you have any of the symptoms listed above or any of the relevant signs, please seek medical treatment as soon as possible.
The body of each sufferer shows signs and symptoms that vary. Always consult a doctor to treat your health condition.
Hemorrhagic Stroke Treatment
Hemorrhagic Stroke Treatment is divided into two phases. The first phase is addressing the emergency conditions that occur. The actions taken are aimed at lowering the pressure inside the brain that is too high.
Some of the actions that are usually done are:
- Raising the patient’s head 30 degrees
- Increase patient’s breathing frequency (hyperventilation)
- Provides medication to lower blood pressure
- Provides medication to lower the pressure inside the brain
- Craniotomy surgery.
Medications used in the treatment of acute hemorrhagic stroke, including:
- Anticonvulsants: To prevent recurrence of seizures.
- Antihypertensive: To reduce blood pressure and other heart disease risk factors.
- Osmotic diuretics: To reduce the pressure inside the head (intracranial).
Surgery can be done to stop bleeding and repair blood vessels. The doctor may recommend one of the following procedures to treat the aneurysm and AVM (arteriovenous malformation):
- Surgical clipping. Abnormal blood vessels will be pinned to prevent aneurysm from rupture, or to stop coiling bleeding (endovascular embolisation).
- AVM surgery. If the AVM is in an area where the surgery can be affordable.
- Stereotactic radiosurgery. This procedure utilizes light radiation that aims to correct blood vessel formation abnormalities, such as AVM and aneurysm.
While the second phase is a rehabilitation phase aimed at optimizing the function of the body that is still good after stroke. The treatment in this phase depends on the defects arising after the stroke.
Rehabilitating that is usually done can be:
- Occupational therapy (therapy to train people with stroke doing daily activities with self-reliant), and
- Speech therapy.
Hemorrhagic Stroke Treatment Video Explanation
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