What Causes Lower Abdominal Pain In Females
What Causes Lower Abdominal Pain in Females

What Causes Lower Abdominal Pain in Females?

What Causes Lower Abdominal Pain in Females? Women will feel cramped and uncomfortable when lower abdominal pain hits. There are many things that have the potential to cause the emergence of the disease.

Various kinds of organ systems and tissues in the lower area of the stomach can make women confused to determine the cause.

Lower abdominal pain is characterized by several symptoms. Starting from vomiting, diarrhea, to urinary tract problems.

Knowing the cause of lower abdominal pain plays an important role so that treatment can be more effective. Well, here are the causes of lower stomach pain in women.

What Causes Lower Abdominal Pain in Females?


Lower abdominal pain usually occurs due to an inflamed appendix. The pain can come and go and move towards the right side.

You may feel nauseous and the pain lasts for more than 24 hours. Appendicitis requires surgery so that lower abdominal pain can be resolved.

Read more:
Appendicitis Symptoms: From Mild To Severe

Menstrual pain and cramps

Menstrual pain and cramps are the most common causes of lower abdominal pain in women. More than half of women experience lower abdominal pain before or during menstruation, within 1-2 days.

Even sometimes, this condition can also be accompanied by nausea, and headaches. You can compress the sore lower abdomen with a heat pad to relieve it.

In addition, you can also take over-the-counter medicines, such as ibuprofen and naproxen to relieve lower abdominal pain due to menstruation.

Pregnancy outside the womb

A pregnancy outside the uterus or ectopic pregnancy occurs when the egg, which has been fertilized, attaches outside the uterus, as in the Fallopian tubes. Women who experience pregnancy outside the uterus, will feel abdominal pain in the bottom that is intense.

In fact, other symptoms can appear such as, cramping, nausea, diarrhea, pain in the shoulders, dizziness, vagi**nal discharge, and vagi**nal bleeding.

If you suspect a pregnancy outside the uterus, you should immediately see a doctor, because this is a serious condition.


During ovulation, the egg ruptures from its follicles in the ovary and enters the Fallopian tubes. This is the cause of lower abdominal cramps in women that often occur. This condition can sometimes cause stomach cramps. Ovulation pain is harmless and can even be a hint of fertility.

Pregnancy Contractions

In pregnant women, sharp abdominal pain can indicate the time of delivery or even false contractions. False contractions often occur in the last trimester of pregnancy. The cause of lower abdominal cramps in this woman should not be underestimated. While real contractions that signal labor are usually followed by increasingly close contractions, bleeding or vagi**nal discharge, and pain that begins at the top of the uterus.

Abdominal pain arising from the urinary system

Urinary infection is a common symptom and often arises such as a burning sensation when urinating and often wants to urinate.

The infection can spread to the kidneys and make you feel unwell, chilling and back pain. If the pain spreads from the back to the groin and is severe, it can be caused by kidney stones.

Abdominal pain arising from the digestive system

Pain arising from the large intestine is the most common cause of lower abdominal pain. Usually this is characterized by pain when defecating, changes in bowel habits, blood that comes out during bowel movements.

Constipation and diarrhea that make you in pain. Inflammatory bowel disease can also cause pain in the stomach.

Ovarian cysts

Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled lumps that develop in the ovaries. Most ovarian cysts are harmless. But if the size is large, these cysts can cause pain in the lower abdomen. Meanwhile, other symptoms that can appear are pain during se**x, frequent or difficulty urinating, bloating, and abnormal menstruation. In many cases, ovarian cysts can go away on their own. However, in order to get the right treatment, you should see a doctor.

Last Updated on February 6, 2022 Reviewed by Market Health Beauty Team