Neuro Plasticity: Definition, Recovery Process, and Utilize To Maximize Child’s Potential – The human brain weighs about 1.3 kilograms. The human brain is a neuron network (cells that receive and transmit signals, electrochemical signals) that are amazingly complicated.
There are 100 billion of complex-arranged neurons, with 100 trillion relationships that are thought to be involved in them, and with virtually infinite neural signal pathways, which make them amazingly difficult to understand comprehensively.
The complexity of this human brain can be known for its ability. A god-endowed organ is able to create robots that are increasingly perfect, create artificial arms, travel so far to the planets, perform various organ transplants and who are able to enjoy and manage the charm of the universe, even know its creators.
The term plasticity comes from the Greek “plastikótita” which means forming, in general the neuro plasticity is interpreted as the ability of the brain to re-organization after injury or illness. Another word of neuro plasticity is brain plasticity or brain malleability.
The ability of the nerve to be adjusted to change or damage caused by internal or external factors.
Brain Damage Causes and Symptoms
Plasticity of the Brain (neuroplasticity) is the ability of the brain to perform reorganization in the form of a new interconnection to the nerves. Plasticity is a trait that demonstrates the capacity of the brain to change and connectives against functional needs.
Neuro plasticity is the ability of the brain to organize itself by establishing new nerve relationships in the entire growth. Neuro plasticity allows neurons (nerve cells) in the brain replace during wounds and pains and to complement their activities in response to new situations or that change their environment.
Plasticity is one of the very important brain capabilities, encompassing a wide range of brain capabilities, including the ability to adapt to environmental changes and memory storage in the learning process. Therefore, children can learn faster than older persons, including mastering foreign languages at a young age, mastering musical instruments, playing ball, and even recover from a faster brain injury.
Recovery Process and neuro plasticity
The Diaschisis phase is categorized as spontaneous recovery and reorganization of neural mechanisms (neurological repair). Latent disorders of the neuronal activity near the area of damage, where there is a decrease in blood supply and metabolism usually the patient shows the symptoms of flaccid, after which the early recovery occurs (3-4 weeks after lesions / damage) usually caused by the resolution of the diaschisis, loss of cerebral edema, repair of the nerve cell function of the penumbra, as well as the presence of collateral can occur in a short time.
The neuroplasticity occurs after the diaschisis phase when needed through a regeneration mechanism called silent synapses recruitment, Denervation Supersensitivity, Axonal Regeneration and Collateral sprouting.
- Silent synapses recruitment [the effectiveness of latent synapses]: Opening of previously existing lines, but functionally depress through the learning process can be called when the usual system has failed.
- Denervation Supersensitivity (increased nerve sensitivity): post-synapses become highly sensitive, so that minimal nerve impulses are acceptable, changes in the dendritic conduction include increased transmitter spending and an excitation terminal disinfection
- Axonal Regeneration occurs regeneration of the nerve fibers starting from the proximal heading to the distal.
- Collateral sprouting [collateral performance] is the growth of an intact / undamaged cell that is adjacent to the damaged neural tissue, to the denervation area after some / all of its normal inputs are damaged. The growth increases the effectiveness of synapses and replace a damaged synapse of dynamic sinaptogenesis, which continually occurs under normal circumstances.
Utilize neuro plasticity, to maximize child’s potential
The concept of neuro plasticity is closely related to the principle of brain and learning principle. In accordance with its name, Plastis, the concept of neuroplasticity explained that the human brain is a flexible organ, and it can continue to evolve, as long as it is still continuously stimulated.
When the brain is stimulated, then neurons or nerve cells in it, will be connected to each other. The more neuron connections, the more intelligent the child will be.
Then, the next question, how can the nerve cells continue to connect? Besides stimulation, there is also a factor of nutritional intake and a child’s perceived experience.