Masks For Smoke – In addition to reducing visibility, poor air quality also causes greater negative effects for health, especially in breathing. One way to prevent respiratory health hazards of air pollution is to use a mask.
There are several types of masks that we can use to minimize the impact of air pollution. Here are the types of masks:
Masks For Smoke
Respirator mask or commonly called N95 mask is a type of anti-pollution mask that can filter pollutants and fine particles up to 95 percent.
Respirator masks can filter fine particles up to 2.5 particular matter, but cannot filter the gas.
For sensitive groups, such as people with respiratory tract infections and outdoor workers, it is highly recommended to wear this mask.
Unfortunately, this mask is not recommended for children, pregnant women, and the elderly because it tends to be very tight in order to filter the air perfectly.
Wearing masks that are too tight, especially in children, pregnant women and the elderly, can cause breathing difficulties.
The duration of use of the respirator mask is only 7 to 8 hours. More than that, the quality of its functions will decrease.
Simple mask is one of Masks For Smoke. A simple mask is a common mask found on the market. This mask is also known by the name of dust mask.
This mask is the form of a mask with the simplest protection. This mask can be used to protect yourself from inhaling exposure to air pollution. The use of a simple mask is highly recommended for people who often drive by motorcycle or use public transport.
The effectiveness of air pollution filtering on these masks is called can reach 30-40 percent. However, this mask is not suitable for filtering out the thick smog caused by forest and land fires.
N99 and N100 Mask
N99 and N100 masks are designed to be more powerful than the N95. The N99 can protect yourself up to 99 percent of air pollution particles measuring 0.3 microns. Meanwhile, the N100 can protect up to 99.97 percent of pollutants as small as 0.3 microns. However, this mask cannot protect the body from oil aerosol pollutants and it is not suitable for use in oily environments.
N99 and N100 masks have several stages of filtering. The N99 mask by Repeller, for example, has a three-layer filter system. The first layer traps coarse particles such as PM10, dust, and sand. The second layer is a specially crafted 3-ply micro-particle filter to filter pm 2.5 to 0.3 microns. The last, deepest layer is made of activated carbon and combats gas oxides such as volatile organic compounds (VOC) and bad odors.
Surgical masks are masks commonly used by doctors or nurses in the process of surgery in hospitals. Surgical masks or flu masks generally have a green or white color with a thin coating as an air pollution inhibitor.
In fact, surgical masks are not a type of air pollution mask because the coating is only to inhibit bacteria or viruses, not filter pollutants. Even so, many people use surgical masks as anti-pollution masks. Surgical masks can only be used once.
Cloth mask or Buff
Fabric or buff masks are commonly used by motorcyclists in anticipation of vehicle smoke pollution on the road, but masks for this smoke are less effective because there are no coatings to filter pollutants.
P95 masks can prevent oil-based and non-oil-based pollutants. This mask can be oil resistant and it is very well used in oily environments such as gas stations, refineries, pharmaceutical factories, kitchens, and factories that process oil or fried food.
P95 masks can protect yourself up to 95 percent of all air pollution that measures 0.3 microns and is larger than that. This mask is specifically designed to filter out suspended oil molecules released from gasoline, diesel, kerosene, paint and cooking oil. This mask can also ward off PM2,5, PM10, bacteria, spores, pollen, and dust mites.
Most P95 masks are designed to have cooling valves to fight heat and moisture formation. The mask also has adjustable nose pads to reduce pressure on the nose.
Types Mask For Coronavirus and How To Use It
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