Markethealthbeauty.com – Blood pressure or tension in the body can be influenced by many factors. The reason, every physical activity and certain conditions that you experience can affect your blood pressure. One is when you are pregnant. Yes, most women experience Low Blood Pressure During Pregnancy.
Causes of Low Blood Pressure During Pregnancy from mild to serious.
Pregnancy basically causes many changes in the body of the woman, including the rise and fall of the blood pressure. Therefore, low blood pressure during pregnancy is actually a normal occurrence.
Many pregnant women experience this condition, especially in the first and second trimester of pregnancy. This occurs because of the widespread blood circulation during pregnancy and hormonal changes. Both cause blood vessels to widen, and blood pressure decreases.
While this is common, there are some other factors that can also cause low blood pressure during pregnancy. These factors include:
- Too long lying in bed
- Standing too fast from a sitting position
- Hot spring soak for too long
- Allergic reactions
- Heart conditions. (Learn about Things that can cause heart disease)
- Endocrine disorders
- Use of certain medications
Not only that, very low blood pressure can also be a sign of complications of early pregnancy, such as ectopic pregnancy.
Well, because there are many possible causes of low blood pressure during pregnancy (ranging from mild to serious), it is important that you always do routine examinations to the doctor during pregnancy.
Symptoms of low blood pressure during pregnancy.
Normal blood pressure ranges from 90-120 for diastolic pressure (top/first digit), and 60-90 for systolic pressure (lower/second figure). While a person is said to have low blood pressure if the number of systolic and its diastolic under 90/60 mmHg.
The down systolic and diastolic pressures may take place during the pregnancy period and everything returns to normal afterwards. The symptoms of low blood pressure are no different from the low blood pressure that occurs during pregnancy or under normal conditions. Some signs and symptoms of low blood pressure while pregnant include:
- Dizziness and lightheadedness especially if you stand suddenly from a sitting position
- Blurred vision
- Concentration difficulties
- Excessive thirst
- Face looks pale, sweating, and cold skin
- Feeling weak, lethargic, and not energetic
- Heart palpitations.
The Risk of low blood pressure during pregnancy for babies.
Blood circulation and Lacking Oxygen
Low blood pressure during pregnancy may bring discomfort to the mother. In addition, low blood pressure also causes blood circulation to slow down and the internal organs of pregnant women and fetuses lack oxygen. Because, low blood supply is directly related to the problem of fetal development and complications during childbirth.
Poor blood circulation in the placenta, as a primary source of oxygen and nutrients for infants can cause placental insufficiency. This condition makes the fetus can not maximize its growth and development normally. The fetus begins to starve and suffocation.
The worst condition that may occur in the situation is miscarriage. If blood pressure is left and not treated, then at the end of pregnancy can cause gestosis, which is a severe pregnancy complication which results in the internal organ dysfunction of pregnant women.
Low Blood Pressure Checks During Pregnancy
Pregnant women need to see a doctor to check themselves and confirm the actual condition of the symptoms.
For this reason, usually pregnant women need to check blood pressure first.
The blood pressure check will be carried out using a special blood pressure measuring device.
This procedure can be done independently at home if the pregnant woman has the device.
However, when seeing a doctor, usually a blood pressure measurement examination is carried out in the doctor’s room.
Several other tests may be applied by doctors to determine the cause or treatment of the patient .
- Heart exercise test / stress test, which is an examination to find out and confirm whether low blood pressure is related to impaired heart function in patients.
- Echocardiogram, which is an examination that also aims to check the function of the heart and confirm whether the heart has abnormalities.
- Electrocardiography / ECG, which is a process of examining the structure of the heart. From the results of this examination, it can be found whether the patient’s heart rate and heart structure are still normal.
- Blood test, which is the process of checking hormone levels as well as sugar levels in the blood to find out if there are other diseases related to the patient’s low blood pressure.
How to treat low blood pressure during pregnancy
As long as its decline is not drastic, low blood pressure generally does not negatively affect the health of pregnant women and the fetus. Low blood pressure during pregnancy will usually return to normal after childbirth, without requiring special treatment.
However, pregnant women can alleviate the perceived complaints caused by low blood pressure in the following ways:
- Drinking lots of water, about 2.5 liters per day to meet the needs of liquids.
- Sufficient salt-containing food intake.
- Eat with small portions, but often.
- Regulating nutritious diet.
- Lying on the left side to increase blood flow to the heart.
- Avoid standing too fast from a sitting position.
- Avoid standing too long.
- Routine to do light exercise.
- Enough rest.
- Sufficient protein, minerals, and essential vitamins from food.
- Consumption of healthy foods and prenatal supplements during pregnancy.
- Exposure to morning sunlight at recommended times.
- Avoid caffeinated drinks.
- Do not bathe or soak in hot water.
- Wear loose clothes.
Well, that’s the importance of noticing the health of blood pressure while pregnant, If you have a home tension gauge, you can also check it regularly.
Medical Research & Source
- Sandeep Sharma; Muhammad F. Hashmi; & Priyanka T. Bhattacharya. Hypotension. National Center for Biotechnology Information; 2022.