Low blood pressure during pregnancy
Low Blood Pressure During Pregnancy

Low Blood Pressure During Pregnancy: Causes, Symptoms, Risks, And How To Treat It

Blood pressure or tension in the body can be influenced by many factors. The reason, every physical activity and certain conditions that you experience can affect your blood pressure. One is when you are pregnant. Yes, most women experience Low Blood Pressure During Pregnancy.

Read also: Chlorthalidone 25 mg: Usage, How It Works, Dosage, and Side Effects.

Causes of Low Blood Pressure During Pregnancy from mild to serious.

Pregnancy basically causes many changes in the body of the woman, including the rise and fall of the blood pressure. Therefore, low blood pressure during pregnancy is actually a normal occurrence. Many pregnant women experience this condition, especially in the first and second trimester of pregnancy. This occurs because of the widespread blood circulation during pregnancy and hormonal changes. Both cause blood vessels to widen, and blood pressure decreases.

While this is common, there are some other factors that can also cause low blood pressure during pregnancy. These factors include:

  • Too long lying in bed
  • Standing too fast from a sitting position
  • Hot spring soak for too long
  • Allergic reactions
  • Infection
  • Dehydration
  • Malnutrition
  • Anemia
  • Heart conditions. (Learn about Things that can cause heart disease)
  • Endocrine disorders
  • Use of certain medications

Not only that, very low blood pressure can also be a sign of complications of early pregnancy, such as ectopic pregnancy.

Well, because there are many possible causes of low blood pressure during pregnancy (ranging from mild to serious), it is important that you always do routine examinations to the doctor during pregnancy.

Symptoms of low blood pressure during pregnancy.

Normal blood pressure ranges from 90-120 for diastolic pressure (top/first digit), and 60-90 for systolic pressure (lower/second figure). While a person is said to have low blood pressure if the number of systolic and its diastolic under 90/60 mmHg.

The down systolic and diastolic pressures may take place during the pregnancy period and everything returns to normal afterwards. The symptoms of low blood pressure are no different from the low blood pressure that occurs during pregnancy or under normal conditions. Some signs and symptoms of low blood pressure while pregnant include:

  • Dizziness and lightheadedness especially if you stand suddenly from a sitting position
  • Blurred vision
  • Nausea
  • Concentration difficulties
  • Excessive thirst
  • Face looks pale, sweating, and cold skin
  • Feeling weak, lethargic, and not energetic
  • Heart palpitations.
Low blood pressure during pregnancy symptoms

The Risk of low blood pressure during pregnancy for babies.

Blood circulation and Lacking Oxygen

Low blood pressure during pregnancy may bring discomfort to the mother. In addition, low blood pressure also causes blood circulation to slow down and the internal organs of pregnant women and fetuses lack oxygen. Because, low blood supply is directly related to the problem of fetal development and complications during childbirth.

Placental insufficiency

Poor blood circulation in the placenta, as a primary source of oxygen and nutrients for infants can cause placental insufficiency. This condition makes the fetus can not maximize its growth and development normally. The fetus begins to starve and suffocation.


The worst condition that may occur in the situation is miscarriage. If blood pressure is left and not treated, then at the end of pregnancy can cause gestosis, which is a severe pregnancy complication which results in the internal organ dysfunction of pregnant women.

How to treat low blood pressure during pregnancy

As long as its decline is not drastic, low blood pressure generally does not negatively affect the health of pregnant women and the fetus. Low blood pressure during pregnancy will usually return to normal after childbirth, without requiring special treatment.

However, pregnant women can alleviate the perceived complaints caused by low blood pressure in the following ways:

  • Drinking lots of water, about 2.5 liters per day to meet the needs of liquids.
  • Sufficient salt-containing food intake.
  • Eat with small portions, but often.
  • Regulating nutritious diet.
  • Lying on the left side to increase blood flow to the heart.
  • Avoid standing too fast from a sitting position.
  • Avoid standing too long.
  • Routine to do light exercise.
  • Enough rest.
  • Sufficient protein, minerals, and essential vitamins from food.
  • Consumption of healthy foods and prenatal supplements during pregnancy.
  • Exposure to morning sunlight at recommended times.
  • Avoid caffeinated drinks.
  • Do not bathe or soak in hot water.
  • Wear loose clothes.

Read also: How To Raise Low Blood Pressure in 24 Ways.

Well, that’s the importance of noticing the health of blood pressure while pregnant, If you have a home tension gauge, you can also check it regularly.

Last Updated on August 20, 2019 Reviewed by Market Health Beauty Team

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