Dry eye syndrome
Dry Eye Syndrome

Dry Eye Syndrome: 10 Causes, Symptoms, Effects, and Treatment

Are you aware of your eyes that often feel dry and itchy? Dry eye syndrome is the most common condition due to lack of moisture in the eyes. This condition is more common in older people, but it can also happen to everyone, depending on lifestyle and environment.

Why are you infected with dry eyes?

Dry eyes are a very common symptom affecting more than 337 million people worldwide. The uncomfortable itching feeling that you will feel in the eyes after staring at the computer screen for a long time without flashing. You can also feel strange feelings in your eyes while staring at or focusing on something and forgetting to blink as often as you should.

Almost everyone may suffer or will suffer dry eyes at some point in their life. However, there are cases where dry eyes are a symptom of a more serious vision problem.

What causes dry eyes?

Tears have three layers.

There are oily outer layers, aqueous middle layers, and deep mucous lining.

If the glands that produce various tear elements inflamed or do not produce enough water, oil, or slime, it can cause dry eye syndrome.

Dry eyes are caused by eyes that do not have enough lubricant or tears to keep them moist. This lack of lubrication causes uncomfortable feelings or dry eyes.

Dry eye syndrome causes

Many reasons why your eyes do not produce enough tears, but the most common are:

  • Certain vision problems result in dry eyes as a symptom
  • Spending a long time in front of the screen is a common cause of dry eyes
  • Windy conditions, air conditioning or heating can make your eyes dry
  • Wearing contact lenses for a long time
  • Hormone replacement Therapy
  • Allergies
  • Eye Surgery
  • Some medications, including antihistamines, nasal decongestants, birth control pills, and antidepressants
  • Aging
  • Not enough flashing


Dry eye symptoms include:

  • Swelling,
  • Continuous tear out,
  • Redness,
  • Sensitivity to light,
  • Dry eyes,
  • Stung or burning sensations, and
  • Irritation.
  • Sore eyes and painful sensations
  • Itching and dry on the eyes
  • Sticky eyelids when waking up
  • Eyes feel heavy and sore
  • Eyes often remove impurities
  • Light sensitivity (easy to glare or photophobia)
  • Blurred or unfocused views and returns after flashing
  • The sensation of foreign objects (such as Sandy) in the eyeball
  • Easy Watering eyes.

It may sound strange, but the surface of the eye is irritated and the amount of tears that lack will trigger the tear glands to produce more, this condition is also called “Reflex tearing”. Nevertheless, the tears produced remain unstable to cope with dry eyes so that this watery taste occurs continuously.


If you ignore your dry eyes, then your eyes may have difficulty preventing dust and other irritant causes to get into the eye, which can cause bacterial or inflammatory infections.

Although uncomfortable, dry eye syndrome rarely causes permanent vision loss. 

Dry Eye Syndrome Treatment

Artificial tears

Eye drops that increase the moisture of your eyes is some of the most common treatments for dry eye syndrome.

Artificial tears also work well for some people.

Read also: Dry Eye Drops: Benefits, Types, and How To Choose It


The most commonly prescribed drug for Dry eye syndrome is an anti-inflammatory called cyclosporine (Restasis).

The drug increases the amount of tears in your eyes and lowers the risk of damage to your cornea.

If your dry eye case is severe, you may need to use corticosteroid eye drops for a short time while the drug comes into effect.

Alternative treatments include cholinergic such as Pilocarpine.

These medications help stimulate tear production.


You need a balanced diet with enough protein and vitamins to maintain the health of your eyes.

Omega-3 essential fatty acid supplements are sometimes recommended to improve the oil content of the eye.

Typically, people need to take this supplement regularly for at least three months to see an improvement.

Home Remedies

If you tend to have dry eyes, use an air humidifier to increase moisture in the room and avoid dry climates.

Limit the use of your contact lenses and the time you spend in front of your computer or television.


If you have severe dry eye syndrome and do not disappear with other treatments, your doctor may recommend surgery.

The drainage holes in the corners of your eyes may be permanently installed to allow your eyes to maintain adequate amounts of tears.

Read also: How To Cure Dry Eyes

Thank you very much for reading Dry Eye Syndrome: The Causes, Symptoms, Effects, and Treatment, hopefully useful.

Last Updated on May 6, 2020 Reviewed by Market Health Beauty Team

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