Bariatric Surgery
Bariatric Surgery

Bariatric Surgery: Definition, 4 Types, and Requirements

Bariatric surgery is a surgery performed to help lose weight. This procedure is usually performed on obese people who are difficult to overcome only with diet and exercise.

Obesity or being overweight is a serious health problem that can increase the risk of the appearance of dangerous diseases, such as heart disease and stroke.

In obese people who are at risk of health problems and do not manage to lose weight after trying regular exercise, diet, or taking medication, a doctor may suggest Bariatric surgery.

The surgery aims to limit the amount of food that can be accommodated by the stomach or reduce the absorption of nutrients in the small intestine.

What is Bariatric Surgery?

Bariatric surgery is a special medical action aimed at addressing obesity. Usually, postoperative weight loss can reach 40-68% within an interval of 2 years.

The surgery is also performed with several procedures, depending on each patient’s condition. The main purpose of Bariatric surgery is to lose weight in a fast time and prevent various chronic diseases lurking.

Bariatric Surgery Types

This surgery gives hope to people who want to perform better with the ideal weight. Before you do, you need to know which type of Bariatric surgery is suitable for you to undergo. Bariatric surgery is known to be divided into several types, namely:

Gastric Bypass

Obesity can be caused by a wide variety of foods consumed, one of which is sweet foods. Well, this type of gastric bypass Bariatric surgery is suitable for obese people who like to eat sweet foods.

This type surgical procedures will perform merging actions on the upper part of the stomach and small intestine. This procedure is performed so that food does not pass through the stomach and the body will not absorb many calories from food. It looks creepy indeed, but this procedure will make it easier for food to get into the body.

Mini Gastric Bypass

The procedure on mini gastric bypass is a simplification of gastric bypass type surgery. The difference lies only in the number of internal organ incorporation so that the food consumed can go directly to the intestines for digestion.

Sleeve Gastrectomy

Bariatric surgery of the sleeve gastrectomy type is the most famous surgery. In this procedure, the doctor will perform gastric cutting measures as much as 85 percent of obese people. With this action, the size of the stomach will shrink and will make a person feel full quickly because eating will go straight to the intestines.

Unfortunately, someone who undergoes this procedure will find it difficult to drink and eat, due to the very small size of the stomach.

Adjustable Gastric Banding

Adjustable gastric banding is better known as gastric band surgery. This procedure is an action on the stomach with the act of rubber band attachment. This procedure will make a person feel full quickly and determine how many portions of food can be consumed.

Why Bariatric surgery?

Bariatric surgery is performed to lose weight and reduce the risk of over-weight, life-threatening medical disorders, such as:

  • Heart disease and stroke
  • Hypertension or high blood pressure
  • Non-alco**holic fatty liver disease (NAFLD)
  • Non-alco**holic steatohepatitis (NASH)
  • Sleep apnea
  • Type-2 diabetes
  • Have a body mass index (BMI) of 40 or more
  • Has a BMI of 35-39.9 with the aforementioned medical disorders

Keep in mind, Bariatric surgery is performed when you are already trying to undergo a diet pattern and do physical activity. Before undergoing Bariatric surgery, there is a rigorous screening that will be performed by the doctor to determine your eligibility in undergoing Bariatric surgery procedures.

Bariatric surgery requirements

  • Has a body mass index of more than 35 with comorbid disease (infectious diseases)
  • Experiencing two or more chronic diseases.
  • Weight loss never goes down despite having a healthy diet and lifestyle
  • Not taking drugs that may be contrary to Bariatric surgery
  • Have strong motivation.

Even if you experience these things, you still can’t have these surgeries if:

  • Pregnant
  • Has a hormonal disorder that makes her obese
  • Being addicted to drugs
  • Having an uncontrolled psychiatric illness is not allowed to perform this surgery.

Last Updated on November 12, 2021 Reviewed by Market Health Beauty Team