Back Pain
Back Pain

Back Pain: 7 Risk Factors, Causes, Symptoms, and Diagnosis

Are you sure back pain is only experienced by the elderly? Many people of the productive age or even children have to deal with back pain. How could it be?

The causes range from injuries to erroneous movements. Well, here are some things that can cause back pain to cause a variety of symptoms, especially back pain.

At least back pain is almost experienced by many people, at least once in his life. This back pain can occur in any part of the back. However, the most common area affected is the lower back. The reason is, the lower back supports most of our weight.

Back pain risk factors

Anyone can experience back pain, even children and adolescents. There are several risk factors that are prone to back pain, such as

  • The age of over 30 or 40 years,
  • Lack of exercise,
  • Being overweight,
  • Having certain diseases,
  • Improper weight lifting process,
  • Psychological conditions, and
  • Smo**king.

Back pain causes

Back pain that comes suddenly and lasts no more than six weeks (acute) can be caused by falling or lifting heavy weights. While back pain lasting more than three months (chronic) is rare compared to acute pain.

Back pain conditions generally affect the muscles or ligament strain, usually because they often lift heavy weights or sudden awkward movements. It could also be due to a ruptured disc, which normally acts as a cushion between the vertebrae in the spine.

If there is a specific cause or trauma, the soft material inside the disk can swell or rupture and suppress the nerves. Other causes of back pain are arthritis, scoliosis, or osteoporosis.

Symptoms of back pain usually come suddenly in one part of the body.

Sometimes back pain is felt on the left, right, up, down.

The pain can come from the bones, joints, ligaments, to muscles.

The following causes back pain to be felt in only one part of the body:

Tissue injury

Back Pain Causes
Back Pain: 7 Risk Factors, Causes, Symptoms, And Diagnosis 2

The most common cause of back pain is tissue injury.
Spinal tissue injuries generally cause symptoms of right or left back pain.

These tissue injuries can occur in muscles, joints, or other parts of the spine. These injuries are not caused by sports accidents.

In addition, other causes of tissue injury can also be triggered by poor sitting posture.

To prevent injury due to poor posture, get used to always sit with the body position, forming a 90 degree angle alongside the legs.

Bone problems

Bone problems such as arthritis to narrowing of the spine can cause pain in one part of the back.

Internal organ disorders

Left or right back pain can also be a sign of internal organ problems, such as the kidneys, pancreas, colon, or uterus.

Certain medical conditions

There are also some medical conditions that can cause back pain such as:

  • Sciatica
  • Intervertebral disc hernias
  • Ankylosing spondylitis
  • Spondylolisthesis
  • Vertebral fracture
  • Infection
  • Cauda equina syndrome
  • Cancer.

Back pain symptoms

Back pain can provide different sensations such as:

  • Persistent or stiff pain along the spine
  • Piercing, sharp, and neck and back pain
  • Chronic pain in the middle or lower back, especially after sitting or standing long
  • Back pain that spreads from the lower back to the buttocks, back of the thighs, calves, and toes
  • Unable to stand upright without pain or muscle weakness in the lower back.

There are several symptoms that can indicate the causative disorders behind back pain such as:

  • Numbness, tingling, weakness in the groin, hands or feet that may indicate damage to the spinal cord
  • Back pain extending to the rest of the hind legs may indicate schizophrenia
  • Pain worsens when coughing or bending may indicate an intervertebral disc hernia
  • Pain accompanied by fever, burning during urination (peeing) and frequent urination may indicate infection.

Back pain diagnosis

The doctor will determine the diagnosis of back pain from the history of the disease and physical examination. The cause of back pain symptoms can be found by knowing the accompanying symptoms.

Other examinations such as laboratory examinations and radiology photos can be performed to determine the problems behind back pain.

Read also:
How to cure back pain?

Last Updated on October 25, 2020 Reviewed by Market Health Beauty Team