Organ Transplantation Definition
Organ transplantation is a transplant or transfer of all or part of the organ from one body to another, or from a section to another in the same body. The transplant is intended to replace the damaged or non-functioning organ in the receiver with other organs that are still functioning from the donor.
Organ donors can be both from people who are still alive or have died.
The transplanted organs are the heart, kidney transplant, liver, lungs, pancreas, digestive organs, and thymus glands, as well as tissues, including bone grafts, tendons (both are commonly called the musculoskeletal graft), corneal grafts, skin grafts, artificial heart valve planting, nerves and blood vessels.
In the world, kidney transplants are the most among organ transplants, followed by liver and heart. The most widely transplanted tissues are the cornea and the musculoskeletal graft; 10 times More than the organ transplant.
Organ Transplantation History
Originated from the mythical stories of ancient Greece and China that feature fantastic stories about the transplants of gods and physicians.
The way that often involves a corpse or animal.
In fact, it is possible that doctors in India start to graft skin, which is technically the largest organ. This is used to repair wounds or burns on the skin.
The dream to cure diseases and injuries with transplantation of organs, bones and other tissues may be as old as the history of healing that dates back.
Unfortunately, scientific knowledge and surgical techniques that allow modern transplant treatment should wait until the 19th century.
However, for bone transplantation, the skin and cornea were successfully performed first, thanks to the advancements achieved in 1900 and 1920.
The establishment of U.S. Navy Tissue Bank in 1949 gives the opportunity of bone processing and storage facilities, as well as the first living tissue.
Advances in solid organ transplants started around the 1950’s.
Joseph E. Murray, recipient of the Nobel Prize for medicine in 1990, successfully performed the first kidney transplant in Boston in 1954.
In 1967, a young heart surgeon in South Africa, Christian Bernard was also regarded as an international hero.
Bernard succeeded in conducting a first-time human heart transplant at the Groote Schuur Hospital in Cape Tows, South Africa.
Nevertheless, throughout the course of organ transplant technology, it does not mean there has been no problem.
The benefits and risks of organ transplantation
Organ transplant procedures are generally performed when the damage occurred to the organ is severe, so the function can no longer run normally, even almost stop at all. So by replacing the damaged organs with the organs that are still healthy, donor recipients can get some benefits, such as:
- Avoiding certain longer time-consuming procedures such as dialysis.
- Increasing the life expectancy rate.
- Living a healthier life and the pain that was previously felt could be lost
- Improving quality of life.
- Reduce the risk of defects
- Reduces the type of surgery to be performed
- Reducing the type of medication to take
- Reduce the time spent in hospitals.
Nevertheless, organ transplant surgery also has some possible risks, such as:
- Complications of the anesthetic given
- Bleeding during surgery
- Complications after surgery, such as infections
- Increased risk of infection due to the consumption of drugs to be consumed after transplantation
- Organ rejection by the body
- Organ failure.
The benefits and risks are always present in every medical procedure, including organ transplantation. But so far, the benefits that can be gained through this procedure have outweighed the risks that may occur.
Thus, organ transplantation is still one of the treatment options for people who need it. Because when transplantation is not done, many people will die due to illness.
How long does the organ donation process take?
The duration of the organ transplant surgery depends on the transplanted organs as well as various other factors. For example, you may be spending time in the surgery room for a little while you have already had surgery in the same organ or have ever transplanted the same organ before.
The following estimates the average time of organ transplantation surgery:
- Liver, 5-8 hours
- Kidney, 4-5 hours
- Pancreas, 2-4 hours
- Kidney-pancreas, 5-7 hours
However, don’t be patting at the above times. Your surgery doctor will tell you the approximate time of surgery, according to your condition.