LASIK eye is increasingly being heard by many and heralded as a permanent solution to be free of reading aids. Some people who are wearing glasses or contact lenses often consider performing LASIK surgery.
LASIK surgery for the eyes can generally help overcome a number of visual impairments.
The success rate of this surgery is considered promising and minimal side effects.
However, eye surgery is not for everyone. People with certain diseases are not advised to undergo this medical procedure.
What is Lasik Eye?
As the name implies, LASIK as an abbreviation of Laser-Assisted in Situ Keratomileusis, is a surgery that uses lasers to correct refractive abnormalities in the eyes such as minus (shortsightedness), plus (farsightedness) or cylindrical eyes.
LASIK has begun to be developed since the beginning of 1980. It was first patented in 1985 and has been in practice since early 1990 in the United States.
With the history presented earlier, LASIK proved not a new discovery, it has been around since more than 20 years ago.
That is, LASIK technology has made significant progress to this day. In the past, LASIK procedures included the use of special knives. Then came the term “Bladeless” LASIK, which replaced the use of knives with lasers (called: femtosecond).
Until now, there has been wavefront technology combined with excimer lasers.
LASIK Eye Benefits
LASIK is indeed an eye surgery to be a solution for people with refractive disorders to be able to see without the help of eyeglasses. With Lasik, people with Myopia, Hypermetropia, Astigmatism can eliminate dependence on vision aids such as glasses and contact lenses.
LASIK can really make people with refractive disorders free of glasses, with a record of the patient’s eye condition supports. Therefore, it is necessary to do a basic examination, pre-Lasik, to consult an ophthalmologist to give understanding.
In fact, LASIK success rate to eliminate the refractive disorder depends on the condition of the eyes and the health of each person’s body. LASIK can eliminate refractive abnormalities completely, or leave a measure of refractive abnormalities (but not dependent on glasses), or it can not be done LASIK procedure.
All of these things, depending heavily on the condition of the patient’s eyes and body. Therefore, a Pre-Lasik examination is urgently needed. This pre-Lasik, will determine if you are a Lasik candidate? Or rather, not included as a Lasik candidate.
Consultation with an ophthalmologist must be done by the patient, to get the right and complete information related to Lasik. By consulting with an ophthalmologist, the patient can make the best decision of his life. Choosing Lasik or Not? Free from glasses now or later? And so on.
All of these things, you can decide as a prospective patient Lasik action by consulting first with an ophthalmologist.
Many benefits that you will get, after Lasik action. Here are the benefits that will affect your quality of life:
- Free from vision aids (Glasses and Softlens)
- Boosting confidence
- Supporting the needs of the profession (military, pilots, police, etc.)
- Reduce allergies due to the use of contact lenses
- Save costs in the long run.
Of the above benefits, everything leads to things that can improve your quality of life through better vision. This certainly makes you more confident and productive in everyday life. Not wrong, if most people consider the day of Lasik eye surgery is “big day”, because there will be many changes that occur in his life after Lasik.
Cost of LASIK eye surgery
LASIK costs may vary by health facility. But in general, the cost of this procedure in private hospitals starts from $1,000 to more than $3,000 for each eye.
How does laser eye surgery work?
The cornea plays an important role in LASIK because the cornea holds almost entirely the refraction force of the eye, where another source of eye strength comes from the eye’s natural clear crystal lens. Therefore, modifying the shape of the cornea also means changing the refractive status of the eye. This is the basic principle behind the LASIK surgery as well as other refractive surgery on the cornea.
To treat shortsightedness (myopia), the middle part of the cornea is flattened to reduce the refractive ability of the cornea. To treat farsightedness (hyperopia), parts of the cornea are sharpened to improve their refraction ability. To treat eye abnormalities such as astigmatism, the curve of the cornea 90 degrees away from its axis is made equal and balanced.
LASIK eye surgery preparation
Before LASIK is performed, the doctor will perform a thorough eye examination to ensure your eyes are in good health. Here’s an example of that check:
- Examination of the Corneal curvature.
- Pupil size checks in light and dark conditions.
- Size of eye refractive abnormalities.
- The thickness of the cornea, to ensure the patient still has sufficient corneal tissue after surgery.
- Eyeball pressure check
- Examination of medical conditions for hypertensive disease, diabetes etc.
- Patients should not use eye makeup
- Patients are expected to clean their eyes and eyelashes
- Do not use contact lenses a few weeks before surgery.
You will then be prompted to sign a surgery action approval form. This form indicates that you already understand the risks, benefits, alternatives to other treatments, and possible complications that can occur after LASIK.
Who should not have LASIK eye surgery?
Although the benefits of LASIK surgery are quite promising, this medical procedure is not intended for everyone.
Some people who are not recommended to undergo LASIK eye surgery include:
- Under 18 years old
- Pregnant or nursing mothers
- Taking certain medications
- Corneal condition is too thin or uneven
- Very dry eyes
- People with diabetes, lupus, or rheumatoid arthritis
Last Updated on June 11, 2021 Reviewed by Market Health Beauty Team