Temporomandibular joint disorder, more commonly known as TMJ, is a condition that affects the joints that open and close the mouth. The TMJ is located in front of the ears, connects the lower jaw to the skull and control the movement of the mouth. This painful disorders can affect both joints and muscles surrounding it. The most ordinary symptoms of TMJ are pain or loss of movement in the jaw, ear pain, headaches, appears the noises when opening and closing the mouth, facial pain and dizziness.
How To Cure TMJ
TMJ is still can be treated in several ways. The following are the TMJ treatments, among other things:
How To Cure TMJ by Non-surgical treatments.
Some cases of TMJ disorders will end with the usual treatments that might not even need a dentist. Among them:
Patients are advised to avoid chewing gum or eating foods that are hard, chewy (chewy) and crisp (crunchy), such as raw vegetables, sweets-candy or nuts. Foods that requires opening the mouth wide, such as hamburgers, is not recommended.
Opening and closing the jaw passively, massage and electrical stimulation helps to reduce pain and improve movement and limits the strength of the jaw.
Identify trigger factors of stress, psychological consultation, and medicines can help reduce muscle tension. The response back from the patient (biofeedback) can help patients recognize times of increased muscle activity and spasms and provide methods to help control them.
In General, a tool acrylic custom-made mounted on the teeth, are set for the evenings but it may take all day. It acts to offset the bite and reduce or eliminate the gnashing of teeth (grinding) or bruxism.
Correction Of Bite Abnormalities.
Correction of dental therapy, such as orthodontics, may be needed to correct an abnormal bite. Dental restoration helps create a more stable bites. Retrofitting of bridges or crowns are acting to ensure proper alignment of the teeth. You can consult to prosthodontic (Dentures specialist).
Change the bad habits.
Your dentist will remind you to pay more attention to your daily habits. For example, the habit of bruxism tooth, or gnawing on something.
Reduce jaw muscle fatigue.
Your dentist will ask you not to open your mouth too wide on many occasions. For example don’t laugh excessively.
Stretching and massage.
The dentist will give you exercises how to stretch your jaw muscles or massaging. In addition, also may be given instructions how to position the head, neck, and shoulders are right in doing daily activities.
Hot and cold therapy.
This therapy is useful to help reduce tension and muscle spasms. Very good used on wounds or trauma to the jaw joint, cold Compresses (cold packs) can help relieve the pain.
Anti inflammatory Drugs.
Anti inflammatory drugs such as aspirin, ibuprofen (Advil and others), naproxen (Aleve and others), or steroids can help control inflammation. Muscle relaxants such as diazepam (Valium), helps in reducing muscle spasms.
If you experience a TMJ Disorder on the position of chewing, a biteplate (bite Guide) will be given. Biteplate is mounted on the gear to match with the upper jaw lower jaw. By positioning the correct course to chew will help relieve pressure on the structure of joints.
Use of night guard.
This tool is useful to address bruxism habit at night.
If you experience a TMJ Disorder due to stress or anxietas, your dentist will recommend seeing a psychiatrist to cure it.
How To Cure TMJ by Advanced Care.
If non-surgical treatment is not successful in reduce the symptoms of TMJ Disorder, your dentist will recommend the following treatments:
Your dentist will fix a bite by balancing the surface of your teeth. How can replace the tooth loss, repair patches or create new dental crown.
For pain and inflammation in joints, medicinal corticosteroids will be injected into the joint.
This procedure is done by injecting fluid into joints to remove dirt or residual inflammation that interferes the jaw.
If all the treatments did not work well, the dentist will refer you to a dental specialist oral surgery. This was done as a last resort. TMJ arthroscopy, restructuring, jaw tightening ligaments (joint restructuring), and replacement of the jaw (joint replacement) considered in most severe cases of damage to the jaw or a worsening of the jaw. You can consult a specialist in oral surgery.
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