Heart Catheterization Procedure, and Usability – The Cardiac Catheter and angiography is a medical action / invasive diagnostic procedure that serves to detect narrowing or cardiac / coronary vascular obstruction. Through this procedure, you can know the appropriate type of action for the patient. So that the doctor can recommend follow-up treatment which depends on the results of angiography. Actions include pairs of heart rings, intervention with balloons, or bypass surgery actions.
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What is cardiac catheterization?
Cardiac catheterization, or “heart-Cath”, is a medical procedure that provides a very clear picture of a coronary artery. This heart catheterization procedure allows the doctor to determine the type of illness or abnormality that you are experiencing and, in some cases, to treat the problem.
The catheter is a thin, flexible hose that is inserted into the blood vessel, usually in the groin, neck, or forearm, and up to the heart. Dyes may be inserted into a catheter to help make blood vessels and arteries clearer.
Cardiac catheterization measures blood pressure, blood flow towards the heart, and oxygen levels in the blood. The doctor may take blood samples and cardiac muscle biopsy during the procedure.
What is the use of cardiac catheterization?
As it has been mentioned earlier that the cardiac Catheterization Act is aimed at enforcing the diagnosis and while correcting an abnormality in the heart. Some heart problems can be examined through cardiac catheterization to help enforce diagnosis, among others:
- Determining the location of narrowing or obstruction of the heart’s blood vessels
- Measuring pressure and also oxygen levels in each cardiac cavity
- Knowing the power of heart pumps
- Doing biopsy action is to take tissue samples from the heart
- See abnormalities in heart valves
- Diagnose congenital heart abnormalities in newborns (congenital heart disease).
The therapeutic or medical action that can be done to improve cardiac abnormalities through cardiac catheterization methods, among others:
- Angioplasty with or without stent installation. Angioplasty is a medical action to inject and develop a thin balloon in a blocked blood vessel’s hole. Angioplasty therapy is only temporary with the aim of expanding the narrowed diameter of blood vessels. With the installation of a stent (heart ring), it is possible that the blood vessels to return narrowed decreases.
- Closes the heart leakage. Closes the hole in the wall restricting the heart cavity more securely using a catheter, than the open action of the heart surgery.
- Repair or replace the damaged heart valve. A catheter hose can help repair a heart valve that does not close perfectly. Or replace a damaged heart valve with a new valve.
- And so on
Learn more about Stent in Heart: Usability, Benefits, and 3 Procedures.
Heart Catheterization Procedure
At the time of installation of the heart ring, the patient will be anesthetized first so it does not feel pain. The cardiologist will insert a small hose (catheter) into the blood vessel. The catheter is composed of small parts such as balloons and heart rings. Then the catheter is directed to the blood vessels that have narrowed with the help of monitors.
By attaching a heart ring, the patient can have sufficient blood and oxygen supply in his heart, and allow the patient to perform activities with few limitations or restrictions. However, patients are expected to follow a healthy and balanced diet, avoiding fatty dietary intake. Control with cardiac ULTRASOUND periodically according to the advice of your cardiologist if needed.
The duration required to take this medication action is about 30 minutes, but that time does not include your recovery time. As long as the process progresses, you are in a conscious state. But do not worry, because the doctor will give a sedative medication to make you relax and local anesthesia in the body that will be inserted catheter.
Heart catheterization procedure video
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