Artificial Intelligence Definition
Artificial intelligence is one part of computer science that studies how to make machines (computers) can do work as well and as well as done by humans, even better than humans do.
According to McCarthy (1956), artificial intelligence is to know and model human thought processes and design machines to mimic human behavior. Intelligent, means having knowledge plus experience, reasoning (how to make decisions and take action), good morals. Humans are intelligent in solving problems because humans have knowledge and experience.
Artificial intelligence can also be defined as a mechanism of knowledge that is emphasized on the intelligence formation and assessment of the tools that make the mechanism, as well as make the computer think intelligently. Artificial intelligence technology is studied in areas such as robotics, computer vision, artificial neural networks, natural language processing, voice recognition and expert system.
Artificial intelligence philosophy
The debate about strong AI and weak AI is still a hot topic among AI philosophers. This involves the philosophy of mind and mind-body issues.
Douglаѕ Hоfѕtаdtеr in Gödеl, Eѕсhеr, Bасh and Daniel Dеnnеtt in Consciousness Exрlаіnеd check out their support or functionality. In the midst of many strong AI proponents, artificial consciousness is considered a u (holy grail) vein of artificial intelligence.
Forms of Artificial Intelligence
Then, this computer will later have the ability to carry out activities or work that is usually done by humans. This form of activity is tailored to the wishes of its own makers. AI technology also generally has one of the following four forms of intelligence:
The first form is to create a computer system to be able to perform a job or activity as it is commonly done by humans.
The second form is to be able to make the system think just like humans who will then determine the actions of the system. So it can be said that the system is made to be able to do human thought.
The next form is to create a computer system to be able to think rationally so that it no longer thinks rigidly and shows that it has a machine.
So AI technology on computer devices or computer-based is able to act rationally. Not only it can imitate human work, but it can also be aware of problems and mistakes. So that the work done can be stopped temporarily.
How Artificial Intelligence Works
Artificial intelligence requires a specialized hardware and software base to write and train machine learning algorithms. No single programming language is synonymous with artificial intelligence or AI, but some, including Python, R and Java, are the most popular.
In general, artificial intelligence systems work by absorbing large amounts of labeled training data, analyzing data for correlations and patterns, and using these patterns to make predictions about future status.
In this way, chatbots that are sampled as text chats can learn to generate real exchanges with people, or image recognition tools can learn to identify and describe objects in images by reviewing millions of examples.
Artificial intelligence programming focuses on three cognitive skills: learning, reasoning, and self-correction. Here is the explanation;
The learning process.
This aspect of artificial intelligence programming focuses on data acquisition and rulemaking on how to turn data into actionable information. Rules, called algorithms, provide computing devices with step-by-step instructions on how to complete a particular task.
The process of reasoning.
This aspect of artificial intelligence programming focuses on selecting the right algorithms to achieve the desired results.
The process of self-correction.
This aspect of artificial intelligence programming is designed to continuously improve algorithms and ensure they deliver results that are as accurate as possible.