Having normal blood sugar levels in the body is very important because it can support your body’s performance and keep you healthy. But do you know What’s A Normal Blood Sugar Level you should have?
In fact, normal blood sugar levels do not lead to a single standard number. These levels can change as before and after you eat or also during bedtime.
What’s A Normal Blood Sugar Level?
After eating, your digestive system will break down the carbohydrates into sugars or glucose that can be absorbed by the bloodstream. These substances are essential for the energy sources of your body’s cells. Blood drains this sugar into the body’s cells to make it energy.
However, this sugar substance must pass through a “door” to enter those cells. The hormone that plays a role in opening that “door” is insulin. Insulin is produced by the pancreas. After entering the cell, this sugar substance will be burned into energy that you can use. More sugar will be stored in the liver for later use. Then, What’s A Normal Blood Sugar Level?
Here is the range of normal blood sugar levels in the body:
- Before meals: approx. 70-130 mg/dL
- Two hours after meals: less than 140 mg/dL
- After not eating (fasting) for at least eight hours: less than 100 mg/dL
- Near bedtime: 100 – 140 mg/dL
Recognizing Signs of Low and High Blood Sugar
Keeping blood sugar levels in normal numbers is very important. Too low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) or high (hyperglycemia) can negatively impact your body. If your blood sugar is below 70 mg/dL, then you have hypoglycemia. You are said to have hyperglycemia if your blood sugar levels are more than 200 mg/dL.
The effects of too low blood sugar levels include:
- Limp body
- Pale skin
- Difficulty concentrating
- Tingling in the mouth area
- Unable to stand or walk
- Heart palpitations
The effects of too high blood sugar levels include:
- Reduced body weight
- Increased appetite
- Tired body
- Frequent urination
- Fidgeting easily
- Blurred vision
- Skin is dry, flushed and feels hot
- Frequent dental infections.
Category of diabetic persons
The International Diabetes Federation (IDF), the American Diabetes Association (ADA), agree that a diagnosis of diabetes can be established if a person’s blood sugar level during fasting are above 126 mg/dL and two hours after eating above 200 mg/dL.
If a person’s fasting blood sugar level is between 100-125 mg/dL, then the person experiences an impaired fasting glucose (IFG).
In such circumstances, measures to control blood sugar, so as not to cause serious complications should be taken immediately.
There are also circumstances when a person’s blood sugar levels are abnormal, but does not include diagnosis criteria for diabetes mellitus.
For example, fasting blood sugar levels are below 126 mg/dL, but two hours after eating the blood sugar level is between 140-199 mg/dL.
To avoid the effects of too low or high blood sugar, let’s always keep your blood sugar within normal limits.
When should a diabetic take insulin?
How to keep blood sugar levels normal?
Here are tips you can do to keep blood sugar levels normal:
By exercising regularly, you are able to stabilize your blood sugar. You can start by multiplying simple physical activity, such as a relaxing walk several times a week.
Maintaining a Healthy Diet
For those of you who are at risk of diabetes, it is best to avoid foods that can increase glucose levels quickly. For example, foods that are high in calories and high in carbohydrates such as rice, bread, noodles, potatoes, or artificially sweetened foods. Good food for you to eat is nuts like almonds, salmon, skinless chicken breast meat, broccoli, spinach.
Avoid and immediately take over the stress you are experiencing, as this condition can cause your blood sugar levels to increase.
Thank you very much for reading What’s A Normal Blood Sugar Level, and Tips – How To Keep It Normal, hopefully useful.