Teeth with cavities
Teeth With Cavities

Teeth With Cavities: 6 Symptoms, and Causes

Teeth With Cavities Definition

Cavities are conditions in which the tooth is damaged that erodes the outside (enamel) to the inside of the tooth (dentin), until it forms a hole. Teeth With Cavities are caused by a build-up of bacteria in the mouth, frequent consumption of sweet foods, as well as poor oral hygiene.

Teeth With Cavities are a common disorder in both older persons and children. Therefore, dental examination needs to be done regularly, because generally cavities do not cause pain at the beginning so it is difficult to detect. Pregnant women or children with cavities are better off consulting a doctor immediately, as treatment and prevention can be different.

If the cavity is not immediately resolved, the hole will enlarge, as well as the risk of infection and tooth decay, as well as tooth loss.

Teeth cavities symptoms

The signs and symptoms of cavities vary depending on the severity and location of the hole. When a new hole is formed, a person may not experience any symptoms. With enlarged damage, holes can cause symptoms, such as:

  • Toothache
  • Sensitivity of teeth
  • Mild to severe pain when consuming sweet and hot and cold foods or drinks
  • Visible holes in the teeth
  • Black or white brown stains on the surface of the teeth
  • Pain when biting.

There may be signs and symptoms not mentioned above. If a person has concerns about a particular symptom, discuss it with a doctor.

Teeth cavities causes

Tooth holes are caused by plaque formed by a combination of food waste, bacteria, saliva, and acidic substances. Here is the process of the occurrence of holes in the teeth.

Rarely brush your teeth

Dirty mouth and teeth are the main causes of plaque appearance. In addition to the surface of the teeth, plaque can also form between the teeth and below the gum line.

Every day plaque will continue to form if you do not diligently brush your teeth. Plaque eventually rots when left to continue piling up. As a result, your teeth will be more at risk of cavities.

Therefore, it is important for you to take care of daily dental and oral hygiene. Brush your teeth twice a day, in the morning after breakfast and at night before going to bed. However, also make sure you do it with the correct brushing techniques.

Brush your teeth in a slow, gentle circular motion. Do not rub too tightly because it will damage the enamel layer of the tooth.

Formation of plaque

Everyone has bacteria in their mouths. When consuming sugary foods or drinks, bacteria will turn sugar into acid. Plaque is formed soon after. Plaque is a sticky layer that coats the teeth. When food waste is not cleaned, bacteria quickly begin to react and form plaque. After sticking to the teeth, the plaque will harden below or above the gum line and become tartar.

Reacting plaque

The acid in the plaque can remove minerals in the outermost layer of the tooth (enamel) and cause small holes in the enamel.

Growing damage

Tooth decay will continue to the middle of the tooth (dentin) and continue to the innermost layer of the tooth (pulp) containing nerves and blood vessels. The pulp will become swollen and irritated by bacteria.

Sweet Food

When you are small, of course, you are often forbidden not to consume sweet foods or drinks, because it will make your teeth quickly damaged and cavities. 

Sweet foods and drinks will send sugar content to be fermented by bacteria, making acid in the mouth and teeth. The acidity content of the mouth that is always added will reduce the composition and erode tooth enamel. The damage that takes place can be in the form of hollow teeth that need to be patched, or even removed if it is not worth to maintain.

But even so, you also can’t restrain yourself from sugary foods or drinks. Therefore, in order to keep the teeth awake, look at ways that the teeth do not exist in an acidic state for a very long time below:

  • Your frequency or sweet eating/drinking routine should be reduced.
  • No need to be a coffee addict or soft drink addict, stay away from them.
  • Always gargle after eating and drinking water.
  • After consuming sweet foods (whatever it may be), try to brush your teeth.
  • Take a moment to brush your teeth at night before sleep, because when sleep time, the oral becomes acidic due to the saliva that is not produced in an optimal way.
  • Make sure the toothpaste used for brushing is fluoridated.

If the above conditions you apply, anxiety will caries teeth do not need to be thought about. 


Last Updated on March 30, 2021 Reviewed by Market Health Beauty Team


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