Almost everyone must have experienced unpleasant things when the body is wounded and bleeding. When it happens, we can see how the body is slowly repairing wounds to finally heal again. But if you look carefully, the speed of the wound to heal can vary and this is influenced by various factors.
Slow wound healing causes
Here are slow wound healing causes.
The skin is the first defense wall belonging to the body to protect itself from the attack of bacteria. When the skin is broken due to the cuts, then the bacteria from the outside can get into the body causing infection so as inhibit healing. An infected wound had the characteristic of the surrounding skin is red, swollen, painful, pus and appears with a foul smell.
The next slow wound healing causes are less nutritious.
Do you eat enough fruit and vegetables? Vitamins in it can help the body to repair wounds faster, especially vitamins A and C.
In addition to vitamins, the body also needs sufficient protein intake as raw material to repair wounds. This can be achieved due to the amino acids could have the role of regenerating damaged cells.
Due to high blood sugar in people with diabetes, the wound may take longer to recover fully. This is because high blood sugar had a negative impact on the circulation of blood and the immune system. In addition, people with diabetes can also suffer nerve damage and make them hard to feel the pain. Because not feel the pain so not know if there’s something that hurt their body to lead to more injuries.
The influence of the drug.
The next slow wound healing causes is the influence of the drug.
Sometimes the side effects of the drugs could be the cause of why the wounds in the body longer to recover. For example, chemotherapy drugs and radiotherapy can impair the immune system which has an impact on the process of wound healing. Antibiotic drugs can kill the good bacteria, so that the risk of infection in the wound can be increased. Anti-inflammatory drugs could also disrupt the inflammation that is required in the process of wound healing.
Bad blood circulation.
How to get rid of scars basically because the role of red blood carries what is needed to grow new cells. Therefore, when someone has a bad blood circulation in the area of the wound area, then the healing process will also be longer. Conditions such as diabetes, artery blockage, blood clotting, and obesity can be a bad cause of the blood circulation.
The next slow wound healing causes are skin ulcers.
Skin ulcer or called wet eczema is a wound that is caused by excess pressure. For example, when someone can’t get out of bed for a long time, then there will be pressure on the part of the body that is in contact with the mattress. These pressures can lead to the appearance of the wound with particular severity. When the wound is still mild it can heal by itself, but when it is severe, medical treatment is required.
Alco**hol consumption can also slow down the healing of wounds. The reason is because people who often drink can reduce white blood cells that fight infection. Because of the minimal white blood cells then the risk of infection will increase significantly.
The next slow wound healing causes are elderly.
Wound healing in elderly people (> 60 years) tends to run slower due to aging factors. Some other factors also contribute to the length of wound healing in the elderly, such as the intake of nutrients received, diseases suffered, to health and hygiene of the skin.
Types of Slow Wound Healing
Some types of wounds are slow to heal, usually associated with certain disease conditions. Some types of injuries that are chronic are:
One of the types of wounds that have a longer duration of recovery is diabetic ulcer. Some factors such as peripheral vascular blockage and peripheral nerve damage are often experienced by diabetics, which is the cause of diabetic ulcer that is difficult to heal.
Decubitus ulcer is a wound that is formed due to prolonged pressure on the skin or bone bulge. This pressure causes blood flow disorder, so the oxygen and nutrient supply to the skin becomes impaired. This condition then causes the skin tissue to break down and form ulcers.
Generally, these wounds occur in patients who require treatment above the bed for a long time, such as patients with paralysis or in a coma. Both conditions make a person unable to feel or unable to change the position of the body in a long time, thus creating a pressure that causes a wound that never heal.
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