Everyone has a different skin type.. This is influenced by many factors, ranging from genetics, weather, to lifestyle. With the right skin care, according to your skin type, healthy and glowing skin will be easier to achieve! Because, the needs of each skin type are very different.
Before knowing what skin care is right, of course you must know your skin type first. Is your skin oily? Sensitive? Or dry? No need to worry, if you are still confused, read the following article to the end! We will explain about skin types as well as treatments based on skin type.
Recognizing Skin Types
Each skin type has its own unique character. There are 5 skin types, namely normal, oily, sensitive, dry and combination skin.
1. Normal Skin
What is normal skin condition like? Well, if your skin doesn’t feel dry, not so oily, and doesn’t get red easily because of the new product, it’s a sign that you have normal skin type, Jovians. These are the characteristics you have normal skin type.
- Untextured, clean and soft
- Does not require special care
- Small pores
- Not so sensitive
2. Oily Skin
Does the hot sun make your face glow and feel greasy? This is a sign that you have oily skin. This is caused by excess sebum production, and is caused by many factors such as genetics, environment, to hormones. The characteristics of oily skin types include:
- Large and open pores
- Skin looks dull or shiny
- Blackheads, acne, or other skin problems
Several factors can also exacerbate sebum production in this skin type, such as:
- Hot and humid weather
3. Dry Skin
Very different from oily skin, dry skin types generally feel rough, sometimes even scaly and peeling which is accompanied by a stinging feeling if it is too dry. Signs you have dry skin include:
- Very small pores
- Looks dull and feels rough
- Less elastic and feels rough
- More visible fine lines
Dry skin can also become more severe due to various factors, such as:
- Genes and hormonal changes
- Cold weather with low humidity
- UV exposure
- Taking too long a bath
- Specific treatment
- Inappropriate skincare ingredients
4. Sensitive Skin
Having this skin type, often makes it more difficult for someone to find the right care products. Because the triggers vary, you should find out in advance what product ingredients are not suitable for your skin. The characteristics of sensitive skin types include:
- Skin feels sore
- Skin feels dry
Sensitive skin is usually caused by a damaged skin barrier, making it easier for microorganisms and irritants to enter and increasing the likelihood of infection and allergic reactions. Generally, extra care is needed to treat this skin type.
Slightly different from other skin types, combination skin is a combination of two skin types, generally oily and dry skin. Oily skin is usually found in the t-zone area of the face, while other areas tend to be drier. Common characteristics of combination skin include:
- Big pores
- Glossy skin due to excess sebum production in certain areas of the face
The Right Treatment According to Your Skin Type
After knowing the types of skin, now is the time to find the right way to care for it. Because, skin that is not treated properly will appear various complaints, according to your skin type. For example, acne on oily skin, redness on sensitive skin, to signs of aging on dry skin. No need to worry, here’s how to treat the right one based on your skin type.
1. Normal Skin
In normal skin, generally do not have skin problems that are so significant. This skin type is also relatively safe to use various types of skin care products, because it is not so sensitive. Just do basic care, such as washing your face, using sunscreen, to meet your body’s fluid intake.
2. Oily Skin
For owners of oily skin, avoid skin care products that can close the pores. Choose skincare with a non-comedogenic label, suitable for oily skin, and choose a lightweight water-based moisturizer so as not to trigger acne and blackheads.
Also, pay attention to:
- Don’t wash your face more than twice a day
- Use a gentle face wash
- Not touching the face, squeezing pimples, and forcibly removing blackheads. This will make your skin problem worse and increase the irritation.
3. Dry Skin
Ensuring skin moisture is maintained is key in treating dry skin. Use a moisturizer with oil content, or one that contains a high amount of moisturizer, such as hyaluronic acid, glycerin, or ceramides. In addition, pay attention to:
- Do not bathe for too long, and use hot water for bathing or washing your face
- Reapply moisturizer several times a day, especially after bathing
- Drink lots of water
- Use a humidifier to keep the room moist
4. Sensitive Skin
Focus on skincare that is minimal in content and labeled suitable for sensitive skin. Just like dry skin, sensitive skin also needs to keep the skin moist to minimize irritation. Also avoid irritants that trigger skin reactions, or skin care products that contain harsh ingredients such as chemical exfoliants.
For combination skin, you can combine dry and oily skin care at the same time. Use skincare for oily skin in the T-zone area, and skin care for dry skin on other areas of the face.
Well, that’s information about skin types and proper care based on skin type. Remember, a healthy body will also affect the condition of your skin. Adopt a healthy lifestyle, when necessary, take skin supplements.
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Last Updated on September 15, 2022 Reviewed by Market Health Beauty Team