Each woman’s pregnancy is different, including when the delivery time arrives. Based on some conditions, pregnant women may be given birth before its time or are commonly called premature childbirth.
Let’s know the signs of childbirth prematurely so that you can anticipate it.
Normally, childbirth will occur when the pregnancy is 40 weeks old. But on premature labor, your body begins preparing to give birth before pregnancy aged 37 weeks.
Signs of Premature Labor You Need to Know
Here are some signs of your body preparing for premature childbirth:
Have contracted many times
The occurrence of contraction many times when the gestational age is less than 37 weeks can be a sign that you will give birth prematurely. This contraction is a sense of traction in the stomach with pain, and the complaint is not lost even if you have changed the position. Within an hour, contractions can occur 5 times or more.
Experiencing cramps like during menstruation
The next thing that can be a sign of premature childbirth is to experience lower abdominal cramps such as during menstruation. The perceived abdominal cramps can be lost arising or constantly occurring.
Increased vagi**nal fluid production
The next sign has increased vagi**nal fluid production. Some pregnant women may even find blood coming out of the vagi**na when they experience a sign of premature childbirth.
Fluid discharge from the vagi**na
In addition to increased vagi**nal fluid production, vagi**nal discharge can also be signs of premature childbirth. This condition can indicate that your amniotic fluid is broken.
Lower back pain
Another premature labor sign is pain in the back that was never felt before. Pain can be lost arising or settled and accompanied by pressure in the pelvis. This pressure feels like a baby’s urge to come out.
If you experience some of the signs described above, immediately check your pregnancy into your doctor or midwife. The goal is to get the proper handling right away.
Preterm labor causes
To date, it has not been known for the exact cause of premature birth. However, there are several factors that can increase the risk of pregnant women for premature childbirth, namely:
- Under 18 years of age or older than 35 years
- Have a low or excessive weight
- Undergoing multiple pregnancies
- Abnormalities in the uterus, cervix, and placenta
- Suffering from health disorders, such as se**xually transmitted diseases, infections, and pregnancy complications.
- Pregnancy complications can be harmful to the fetus. In fact, it is not uncommon to harm mothers. Situations that make pregnancy must be terminated immediately, including hypertension, diabetes, fetal growth disorders, previa placenta, and placental abruption.
- Experiencing physical, se**xual, or emotional abuse
- Experiencing heavy stress during pregnancy
- Do not check the health of the womb regularly.
- Premature rupture of amniotic fluid..
- Spontaneous premature labor with intact membrane.
- Amniotic fluid infection or chorioamnionitis.
- Immunology, eg. Antiphospholipid syndrome, or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS).
- Cervical incompetence.
- Uterine abnormalities.
- Pre-eclampsia or the presence of drug intoxication.
- Smo**king, drinking alco**holic beverages, lack of nutritional intake.
- Abnormality in the fetus, pregnancy twins baby.
Premature pregnancy is also risky to be experienced by pregnant women who are often smo**ke or inhaling cigarette smoke, consuming alco**holic beverages, using drugs, or malnourished.
However, one thing that you needs to remember, having one or more of the factors above does not mean you must have given birth prematurely. And vice versa, not a few pregnant women who do not have the above risk factors experienced premature birth.
Are There Premature Labor Medication?
In many cases, the reason for premature labor is largely unknown; In other cases, premature labor can be caused by a variety of different factors, including infection, the cervical cervix “incompetent” or weak, twins or more, or problems with the growth of the baby or the development of the placenta, so the treatment will depend on the cause, if it can be determined.
Sometimes a progesterone hormone may be administered to try to delay childbirth, or treatments such as a total break (bed rest) or cervical cerclage, where the cervical mother is stitched closed, possibly advised. But still consult the obstetrician to get the best treatment.