In a normal brain, there are millions of special nerve cells called neurons, which transmit electrical impulses. These impulses relate to other areas of the brain and serve a variety of life functions every day.
Read also: Organic Brain Syndrome.
When something is abnormal on the impulse, then we lose consciousness and it is also often experienced by epilepsy sufferers. When people we know loss of consciousness, we wonder what has happened and how luck in the future.
Facts about loss of consciousness
Loss of consciousness is indeed a terrible experience, but not contagious. We will not come to the unconscious just by making contact with people who lose consciousness.
- Knows no Age.
- Experienced by anyone.
- Many types.
- We can experience some kind of unconsciousness.
- No need to take medication.
- The handling varies.
Causes loss of consciousness
Decrease in blood sugar levels, Exposure to sudden extreme temperatures, Lack of Rest Time.
Sensations such as loss of consciousness are usually caused by a decrease in blood sugar levels of exposure to sudden extreme temperatures. This can also be due to a lack of rest time, especially if you are a nursing mother.
By keeping the sugar levels through the food you consume and simply resting, you should be able to overcome this problem. However, if the symptoms you are experiencing do not change, you should immediately consult a doctor.
Injured and bleeding
The first treatment of injured and bleeding people is very important to do. If not, there can be hypovolemic shock hazard. Hypovolemic shock is an emergency of a person whose heart does not meet adequate blood needs of the whole body. This makes the blood volume in the body decreased and sufferers suffer from blood deficiencies to loss of consciousness.
Usually, a reduced blood supply is caused by bleeding. Bleeding occurs due to the outer bleeding caused by wounds or injuries and internal bleeding, such as injured parts of the intestines or other organs of the body. Not only bleeding, decrease in blood volume in the body can be caused by the body has a lack of fluids such as dehydration.
First aid for loss of consciousness
Emergencies related to health or soul can come anytime unexpectedly. The first step in responding to emergencies is keeping calm and tactical thinking. The knowledge of emergency handling needs to be known to safeguard themselves and those around.
Contact the official medical assistance
The basic step suggested when meeting a medical emergency is to contact the official medical assistance, namely the hospital.
Ask the person verbally
However, in the case of the finding of the person who appear unconscious in situations, the initial step was to ask the person verbally. This is done with the goal of testing patient awareness.
Doing light communication
When the question is answered, it means the patient is in conscious condition. Start doing light communication to the person concerned. It is also useful to get information about the condition of the patient.
Give a physical stimulation
If in such situations the patient does not answer, give a physical stimulation to the patient, such as giving stimulation of pain like pinching.
Call for help
When a patient is not conscious, call for help is called as loud as possible to ask for help. Call assistance also means attempting to contact a nearby medical service via telephone.
Look, hear and feel method
To detect the level of the patient’s condition, do a look, hear and feel method. First, close the cheeks and ears to the patient’s face. See the respiratory characteristics of the patient by looking at the movement of the patient’s chest, chest movements showing the patient’s breath stability.
Read also: 8 Causes of Shortness of Breath After Eating.
Feel the breath of the patient
After seeing, feel the parts that give a heart rate stability, such as a heart rate with a pulse in the neck. Feel the breath of the patient with a cheek position closer to the patient’s face.
Listen to the respiratory areas
Next step, listen to what sounds from the patient’s respiratory areas. The most common case is the snoring sound. Snoring sounds indicate the inhibition of breath by oral fluid.
Change the position.
In such conditions, the need to be done is to change the position of the patient to lie on his side.. The side position of sleep by hugging can also be done. This side position to condition the mouth is low, so that the fluid that inhibits the inside moves towards the outside of the mouth.
First aid for loss of consciousness due to bleeding or injury
Move the patient to a conducive place
However, if the patient is found in a bloody or injured, the first thing to do is to move the patient to a conducive place to do the treatment after making sure that no bones in the body are broken.
Make sure the patient’s head is not in a bent position, in order to smooth the breath flow in the patient.
Do not give drinking water
Do not familiarize with drinking by reason of eliminating shock, because it can increase the risk of respiratory problems.
Stop the bleeding temporarily
To stop the bleeding temporarily, use a clean object that can be found around to bind the wound to the patient. The next step is to start a light discussion with the patient. Patients with indications of a mild brain injury will usually be raving when spoken. Maintain patient awareness until medical assistance comes.