The hospital as a business entity, certainly has its own mission just like any other business entity. The main products of the hospital are
- Medical Services,
- Surgery, and
- Hospital care services,
While the main targets are the care and treatment of the lives and health of the sick. As part of the hospital, the Inpatient Unit also needs to be considered in the field of patient care.
Inpatient Care Definition
Inpatient care (hospitalization) is a term that means the process of patient care by a health professional due to a particular disease, in which the patient is hospitalized. The inpatient room is the room where the patient is treated.
Inpatient care are services for hospitalized patients who occupy care beds for observation, diagnosis, therapy, medical rehabilitation and or other medical services.
No one knows when the disease will come to attack. Sometimes, the disease still comes even though a person feels he has taken great care of his health. Disease is not always inevitable if the cause is a factor outside of us.
Some diseases are known as seasonal diseases. The rainy season, for example, is the ideal time for the development of the Aedes Aegypti mosquito which is the cause of Dengue. No wonder that in the rainy season the number of Dengue sufferers will increase sharply.
Inpatient care is part of the treatment process that makes a person have to stay in the hospital within a certain period of time. The goal is for patients to get better supervision. The doctor may suggest hospitalization so that the patient’s condition can be completely observed.
Inpatient Care Room Definition and Limitation
Space for patients who need care and nursing and treatment services continuously more than 24 hours.
For each hospital will have a treatment room with its own name according to the level of service and facilities provided by the hospital to its patients.
Nurse’s Post Room.
Space for planning, organizing care and nursing services (pre and post conference, schedule setting), documentation up to patient evaluation.
The space to conduct consultations by the health profession to patients and their families.
Room to perform actions on patients in the form of both mild and non-invasive measures.
Room to organize administrative activities, especially patient services in the inpatient room. This room is located at the front of the inpatient room with counters, work desk, file / archive cabinet, and telephone / intercom.
Administrative activities include:
- Patient data collection.
- Signing of the patient’s family statement (if surgical action is required).
- The patient’s medical records.
The Doctor’s Room consists of 2 rooms, namely a work room and a restroom / guard room.
In the work room should be equipped with some equipment and furniture. While in the restroom only a sofa and bed are required. The Doctor’s Room is equipped with a sink and toilet.
Room for resting nurses / other officers after carrying out patient service activities or duty of care.
The nurse’s room should be arranged in such a way as to facilitate all parties requiring patient care so that in the event of an emergency can be immediately known to take action against the patient.
Doctor, nurse and inpatient’s dressing room.
The room where the inpatient head conducts foster care management and nursing services, including the creation of work and coaching programs.
Clean linen room.
Space to store clean linen materials to be used in the nursery.
Dirty linen room.
Room to store dirty linen materials that have been used in the inpatient room before being taken to the laundry room.
Facilities to dispose of excrement of former patient services, especially in the form of liquids.
Spoelhoek in the form of a tub or toilet with a goose neck (water seal). In the spoelhoek room should also be provided a clean water faucet to wash the liquid or wash hands. This spoelhoek space should be facing out/outside the treatment area
The room was clean and comfortable. Spoelhoek is connected to a special septic tank or WWTP network.
Bathroom / Toilet.
Facilities are arranged as needed, and should be kept clean because with a clean bathroom / toilet is the image of the hospital, especially the inpatient room will be good. Consists of patient toilets and staff toilets.
A place to prepare food and drinks for those in the hospital inpatient room.
Room for storing and washing cleaning equipment for inpatient rooms.
The clean warehouse.
The warehouse is a room where the storage of goods / materials and equipment for the purposes of the inpatient room.
The warehouse is a room where storage of used goods / materials.
The building is the construction of buildings that are placed permanently in an environment, above the ground / water, or underground / aquatic, where people do their activities, whether for housing, striving, or social and cultural activities.
Hospital building is a combination of rooms in hospital units that are interconnected and related to each other in order to achieve health care goals.
Internal Medicine Definition
Internal medicine is a medical science that handles older persons, covering non-surgical diseases, covering almost the entire human body.
Internal disease or often referred to as Internist disease is a disease related to the disruption of organs in the human body. Many internal diseases are chronic diseases and require special treatment. Therefore, it is necessary to work with an internal disease specialist in the process of healing and patient safety.
The following are sub specializations recognized by the American Board of Internal Medicine:
- Cardiology, dealing with heart and vascular disorders.
- Endocrinology, dealing with the disorder of the endocrine system of its specific secretion called hormones.
- Gastroenterology, related to the field of diseases of the digestive system.
- Hematology, related to blood, organ forming and disorders.
- Infectious diseases, related to diseases caused by biological agents such as viruses, bacteria or parasites.
- Medical oncology, dealing with cancer studies and treatments
- Nephrology, dealing with kidney disease
- Pulmonology, dealing with lung disease
- Rheumatology, devoted to the diagnosis and therapy of rheumatic diseases.
Thank you very much for reading Inpatient Care: Definition, Rooms Definition and Limitation, and Internal Medicine Definition, hopefully useful.