In vitro fertilization
In Vitro Fertilization

In Vitro Fertilization: Definition, and 5 Stages of How It Works

In Vitro Fertilization: Definition, and How It Works – Having children is a dream for most couples. No exception is a couple who just got married. Unfortunately, not all lucky couples easily get the presence of the child.

There are many factors that can affect the rapid or slow spouse is blessed with a child. Well, fertility problems are the main factors most often the cause. Therefore, try discussing with a doctor to deal with this problem.

Usually, the doctor will give the program to have children after the spouse reaches one year of marriage. More than that, there are various options for gaining offspring, one of which is in vitro fertilization (IVF). Well, here’s a complete explanation of in vitro fertilization.

In Vitro Fertilization Definition

In vitro fertilization or in vitro conception (IVF), or often called infant tubes, is a process of fertilization of the ovum by the spe**rm cells outside the body of the woman: In vitro (Inside glass). This process involves the monitoring and stimulation of a woman’s ovulation process, taking an ovum or egg cell from the woman’s ovary and letting the spe**rm fertilize the cells in a liquid medium in the laboratory.

The fertilized egg (zygote) is cultured for 2 – 6 days in a growth medium and then transferred to the same or another woman’s womb, with the intention of creating a successful pregnancy.

How does in vitro fertilization work?

In vitro fertilization works
In Vitro Fertilization: Definition, and 5 Stages of How It Works 2

There are 5 basic stages of the IVF process:

Ovulation induction.

Stimulates the development of healthy egg cells into the ovaries.

Collection of egg cells

Egg cells are taken through a minor surgical process with the use of ULTRASOUND and a hollow needle. Sedation and anesthesia will be given to reduce and eliminate discomfort.


It is usually obtained with ejacu**lation and followed by a series of spe**rm preparations.


Fertilization of spe**rm and egg in petri dish. The ovum will be observed to confirm the fertilization and cleavage properly. Once the egg is successfully fertilized, it will be considered an embryo.

Embryo transfer.

Embryos are transferred to the woman’s womb 3-5 days after the collection of eggs., but in most cases the transfer occurs after 5 days (Blastokista cultivation and transfer).

This procedure usually does not hurt or slight faucets when the speculum is inserted into the va**gina and the number of predetermined embryos is suspended in a liquid and is slowly placed into the uterus via a catheter and guided by an ULTRASOUND.

Do you need IVF?

It is definitely necessary to consult a gynecologist first. As a prefix information, the following is a condition that causes someone to decide he/she requires IVF.

IVF is used to treat infertility in patients with the following circumstances:

  • Blocked or damaged Fallopian tubes
  • Male infertility factors include decreased spe**rm count or spe**rm motility
  • Women with ovulation disorders, premature ovarian failure, uterine fibroids
  • Women who have had their Fallopian
  • Individuals with genetic disorders
  • Unexplainable Infertility.

Is the IVF process safe for health?

There are often questions about side effects of the in vitro fertilization process. Although you may easily do this IVF procedure, but after that you still need time to rest.

Most women who do this can continue the activity as usual the next day.

There are also some women who experience slight side effects after the IVF procedure, such as the following:

  • There are a number of small liquids such as acne, can be colored red like blood
  • Mild cramps
  • Feeling a little bloated
  • Constipation
  • Breast pain If depressed

Effects of fertility drugs

There are also some women who are exposed to side effects from the use of fertility drugs, such as the following:

  • Headaches
  • Mood changes
  • Abdominal pain
  • Eyes feel a little hot
  • Flatulence

Read also: Can You Get Period While Pregnant?

Thank you very much for reading In Vitro Fertilization: Definition, How It Works, Do you need IVF? And Is the IVF process safe for health? Hopefully useful.

Last Updated on June 9, 2020 Reviewed by Market Health Beauty Team

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