Choking is the mechanical obstruction of the flow of air from the environment into the lungs. Choking prevents breathing, and can be partial or complete, with partial choking allowing some, although inadequate, flow of air into the lungs. Prolonged or complete choking results in asphyxia, which leads to anoxia and is potentially fatal. Oxygen stored in the blood and lungs can keep a person alive for several minutes after breathing stops.
Common causes of choking are the food, usually due to eating too fast, laughing, talking or doing some physical activity. The common signs of choking are hands gripping the throat According to Wikipedia, Choking can be caused by:
- Physical obstruction of the airway by a foreign body.
- Respiratory diseases that involve obstruction of the airway.
- Compression of the laryngopharynx, larynx or vertebrate trachea in strangulation.
- Laryngospasm, a temporary closing of the vocal cords, which simulates the feeling of choking.
Other signs of choking are:
- Unable to speak Difficulty breathing or noisy breathing sounds
- Not being able to cough loudly
- Skin, lips and nails turned blue or black
- Decreased consciousness
Most parents panic when their children to choke. In fact, if the blockage is not removed quickly, the condition can be fatal. Here are some ways to help a child who is choking properly.
- If the child is older than one year, only boost his/her stomach. If children aged less than one year, sit down and facing down the child using your forearm while putting his/her on the thigh. Create a baby’s head slightly lower than the chest
- Tap firmly, but gently between the shoulder blades with the palm of your hand five times. The combination of gravity and strength can release objects that blocking the airway.
- If the blockage is not removed, carrying a baby on your forearm, Backstroke with the head lower than the body. Place two fingers on the sternum and give five quick chest compressions.
- Repeat pats his back and chest encouragement if breathing does not come back. Contact emergency assistance. If you open the airway, but no breathing, start the Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) for children.
How to help a choking child video
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