Periodontitis is a chronic form of inflammation of the gums. On the condition of gingivitis that already belongs to periodontitis, then the condition damages the gums were already severe so that the risk decreases its function as a medium of dental implants.
Periodontitis is an infection of the gums that can cause severe damage to the soft tissue and bone supporting the teeth. This condition should be treated immediately. In addition to causing teeth fall, bacteria that are present in the gums can also get into the blood stream and invade other organs, such as the lungs and heart.
How To Cure Periodontitis
There are several ways to cure periodontitis, depending on the level of severity. The purpose of the treatment of periodontitis is to thoroughly cleanse the bacteria and to prevent further damage. The treatment can be done by a dentist. The treatment will be successful if patients improve the pattern of maintaining oral health every day.
If is not severe, doctors will usually prescribe topical or oral antibiotics to eliminate the infection causing bacteria. In addition, scaling with ultrasonic cleaning device also required to remove plaque and bacteria from the surface of the teeth or gums bottom.
Scaling is action to eliminate calculus and bacteria from the surface of the teeth and under the gums. This can be done by a dentist by using ultrasonic instruments or devices.
Root planing is the act of smoothing the root surface, and further shrink the buildup of calculus.
In the case of severe periodontitis, doctors will usually implement surgery procedures based on severity, starting from the surgery to reduce pockets of gum, surgery for grafting tissue damaged by periodontitis, and surgery bone graft to repair the bones around the tooth root have been destroyed.
Surgery with flap (surgical reduction in gum pockets).
In this procedure, the dentist or periodontist will make small incisions in the gums so the networks can be lifted your gums back, exposing the roots to a scale more effectively and planing (smoothing). Because periodontitis frequently causes damage to the bone, the bone supporting the teeth may be reformed before the gum tissue sewn back in place. The procedure generally takes 1-3 hours and is done with local anesthesia.
Soft tissue grafts (Soft tissue grafts).
When the loss of gum tissue due to periodontal disease, gum line would go down thereby making the teeth appear longer. Because it is usually done by taking a small amount of tissue from the roof of the mouth. This procedure can help reduce further gum recession, tooth roots that opens the lid can allow better appearance in aesthetic.
This procedure done when periodontitis has destroyed the bone surrounding the root of the tooth. The bones will be grafted can come from small fragments of the patient’s bone or synthetic bone or bone from donors. Bone grafts can help prevent the loss of teeth. It can also lead to new bone growth naturally. Bone graft can be done as long as it is possible to regenerate tissue.
In this way allows the regrowth of bone that had been destroyed by the bacteria. In one approach, the dentist will put a piece of cloth a special bio compatible bonding agent in between the bones and teeth. Such materials will prevent unwanted tissue into the healing area, allowing replacement of bone to grow back.
Enamel matrix derivatives (EMD) application.
Another technique can involve these special gel to the roots of the tooth that hurts. The gel contains the same proteins found in tooth enamel formation and stimulate growth of healthy tissue and bone.
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