Flexibility definition

Flexibility Definition, 3 Types, and Benefits

Flexibility Definition, Types, and Benefits – Flexibility is the effectiveness of a person in adjusting to all activities with the body’s stretching in a wide area of joints. Flexibility is very necessary in almost all sports that require a lot of joint space such as gymnastics, beautiful jumping, some athletic numbers, games with balls, fencing, wrestling, and so on.

Flexibility Definition

Flexibility is a word that means

  1. bending; easy to bend
  2. Flexible; easy and quick to adjust.

In the sense that it is not easy to bend it also means it is not damaged or broken when bent. Flexible belongs to the group of adjectives. Synonyms of flexible word equivalents include elastic, supple, resilient, limp, stretchy, plastic, adaptive plastic. Whereas antonyms or the opposite word of flexible is rigid. Rigid itself is a word that has the meaning of spasm, hard cannot be flexed.

Many experts are defining about flexibility. Flexibility is the ability of a wide variety of body joints to move through the area of motion of their joints in full, . While muscle flexibility is the maximum ability of muscles to move joints within range of motion.

With adequate flexibility one can perform a task of motion with adequate performance, therefore flexibility is an important element of physical fitness related to health and also physical fitness related to performance.

What is flexibility in physical education?

Well-developed flexibility is required in a variety of sports. The development of flexibility is one of the tasks completed by physical education. This well-developed physical quality is an important condition for successful physical training.

One manifestation of flexibility is related to internal changes that affect joints, muscles, and the cardiovascular system. The consequences of inadequate flexibility can be irregularities in posture, occurrence of osteochondrosis, precipitation of salt, changes in walking style. The lack of flexibility in athletes can lead to injury and does not allow for perfect mastering of techniques.

The definition of flexibility itself is used to designate the properties of motor tools, determining the level of mobility of their links to each other.

Flexibility Type

There are several known types of flexibility. According to Kurz, there are three types of flexibility, namely:

Dynamic flexibility.

Dynamic flexibility, also called kinetic flexibility, is the ability of muscles to perform dynamic movements inside to bring the limbs to move until they reach a full joint area of motion. Dynamic flexibility can be trained with dynamic stretching that is usually done by moving the movement of the body or limb rhythmically with the movement of twisting or bouncing the limbs so that the muscles feel stretched, to gradually increase the movement space of joints.

Static-active flexibility

Static-active flexibility also called active flexibility is the ability to start and maintain positions using only the tension of the agonist and synergistic muscle groups at a time when the antagonistic muscles are stretched.

Static-passive flexibility

Static-passive flexibility, also called passive flexibility, is the ability to start a movement and maintain positions using weight, limb assistance or outside assistance.
Static flexibility can be trained with stretching exercises that are often done before and after sports activities.

Flexibility Benefits

As explained above the ability of the joints and muscles around can perform movement to the maximum without experiencing disruption is flexibility.

Strength training itself has several benefits, one of which is to avoid injuries to the joints and muscles.

Increased flexibility throughout the body allows your joints to move smoothly and minimize injury.

In addition, there are several other benefits of flexibility training, namely:

Reduces pain during exercise

When your muscles are looser and less tense, you won’t feel too many aches and pains.

In addition, you may not be likely to experience cramps in the muscles.

Improving posture

When you focus on improving muscle flexibility, your posture will most likely improve.

Shoulder length, spine length, leg length can all be affected by how flexible our joints and muscles are.


Last Updated on May 11, 2021 Reviewed by Market Health Beauty Team


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