Eye Disease
Eye disease

11 Common Eye Disease Types

Eye disease is a health disorder that is quite common in the community. Complaints can be red eyes, itching, pain, visual impairment, and blindness.

Eye disease can strike anyone at any time. The treatment is also diverse, some are cured by themselves, some need medical treatment (e.g. With eye pain medication) from an ophthalmologist. In anticipation, perform regular eye examinations so that eye diseases are quickly detected and treated as early as possible.

Eye Disease Types


This eye disease occurs when the soft tissue around the eyes is inflamed and makes the eyes red, watery, sore, and itchy. Conjunctivitis can be caused by irritation, allergies, or infections. If caused by a bacterial infection, the eyes can become festering. This condition is one of the things that often makes eye pain in children and older persons.

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How To Cure Itchy Eyes

The treatment of conjunctivitis is adjusted to the cause. If the conjunctivitis is caused by allergies, the treatment is to avoid allergic triggers and use antihistamine drugs.

If caused by a viral infection, conjunctivitis can heal on its own within a few days. As for conjunctivitis caused by bacterial infection, treatment is required with eye drops or antibiotic eye ointment.


Eye Disease Types

Cataracts cause the lens of the eye to become cloudy, so the vision appears blurred at first. Cataracts usually have difficulty seeing at night, sensitive to light, and cannot distinguish colors clearly.


Glaucoma erodes and damages the optic nerve that supports eye vision. Damage to the optic nerve is caused by a build-up of fluid in the eye that increases the pressure inside the eyeball.

There are two types of glaucoma, namely primary open-angle glaucoma and closed-angle glaucoma. Both can be caused by factors of age, hereditary, complications of hypertension in the eyes, complications of diabetes, to certain eye diseases such as retinal ablation and retinitis (retinal inflammation infection).

Read also:
How To Cure Glaucoma

Macular degeneration

Age related macular degeneration (AMD) is the most common cause of older people blindness in America today. The disease attacks the macular part, a small area of the retina of the eye that helps to see clearly and in detail, damaged.

The disease has no immediate symptoms. But, don’t ignore your visual impairment. We recommend that, no matter what vision changes you experience, contact your doctor immediately.

There is no way to prevent AMD. However, you can slow its progression by controlling blood pressure, eating healthy foods for the eyes, keeping the body from being overweight, avoiding smo**king and regularly checking the eyes.

Refractive eye disease

The next type of eye disease is refractive, or in a medical language called ametropia. Refraction is a condition when shadows formed on the retina of the eye are neither sharp nor clear. This results in blurred vision.

Refractive abnormalities can be divided into four, such as:

Refractive abnormalities can be caused by defects / disturbances in the curvature of the eye organs, namely the cornea and lens. If you have parents and relatives who suffer from refractive disorders, then you will most likely experience it.


Pterygium is an eye disorder due to the appearance of mucous membranes covering the white part of the eye. This eye disease often occurs due to frequent exposure to sunlight radiation.

Symptoms can include red eyes, blurred eyes, and itchy or hot eyes. The presence of mucous membranes also makes the eyes look like the humidity of a foreign object. Pterygium can be cured by prescribing corticosteroid eye drops to prevent further complications or with surgery.

5 Other types of diseases

  • Dry Eyes
  • Retinal disorders.
  • Retinal detachment.
  • Corneal abnormalities.
  • Blefaritis

In addition to the above various diseases, there are still many types of eye diseases that can occur. If your vision suddenly blurred or the eyes feel pain, swelling, or fluid, please check with your ophthalmologists to get the right treatment as the cause.

Last Updated on January 16, 2022 Reviewed by Market Health Beauty Team