Dizziness When Standing: The Causes, and Treatment – Some people feel very dizzy, when suddenly waking from sleep or standing. In addition to low blood pressure, this is actually a sign of a deadly disease.
A dizzy sensation when suddenly wakes up or stands is known as orthostatic hypotension (OH).
Orthostatic hypotension has been linked to heart disease.
A number of American institutions, including the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health in Baltimore, Maryland, have analyzed 11,709 people whose average age is 54 years.
All participants were asked to lie down for 20 minutes and they were then asked to wake up with smooth and fast movements.
Before and after the participant stood, their blood pressure was measured by the research team. From here, experts find there are 1,068 people who develop dementia and 842 people have a stroke due to blood flow to the blocked brain (ischemic).
Rawlings and his team also found, participants who developed dementia mostly had symptoms of orthostatic hypotension. In addition, those with orthostatic hypotension are also twice as likely to develop ischemic strokes.
Causes of dizziness when standing
Dizziness when standing in the right is caused by the condition of blood pressure and heart health. The heart is in the middle position of the body so if the heart wants to pump blood to a higher area like the press area, then the blood pressure flowing to the head also tends to be higher. If there is a barrier to the blood flow to the head, the head is also at risk of dizziness.
In addition, conditions where blood pressure is decreased suddenly after we sit, can also be the cause. Dizziness when standing is referred to as orthostatic hypotension, where the disorder occurs when the body tries to neutralize blood pressure. This dizziness when standing can be caused by some of the following things.
If the body is dehydrated like you has been subjected to heavy exercise or diarrhea, the body loses fluid and sodium causing dizziness and weakened body.
The heart can suffer from disturbance so the blood pressure to the head becomes very low.
The next disorder is the problem of diabetes that can cause blood sugar levels to increase and make the body acute dehydration, which of course makes the head become easy to dizziness when standing.
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Nervous system disorders
In addition, if the nervous system is impaired, the heart organs can also be impaired to pump blood to the head so the blood flow upwards becomes impaired and causes dizziness.
Heart failure or problematic heart valve conditions can be the cause of this problem.
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How to treat dizziness when standing up due to Orthostatic Hypotension (OH)
Treatment when experiencing dizziness while standing for a long time depends on the cause. The treatments recommended by doctors may include lifestyle changes such as the following:
- Increase fluid and water intake and limit alco**hol intake if it is dehydrated.
- Stand slowly when you go from a chair or a bed.
- Perform isometric exercises before waking up to help raise your blood pressure. For example, squeeze a rubber ball or towel by hand.
- Adjust the dosage or switch to another drug if the drug is the cause.
- Wear compression Stockings to help the circulation on your feet.
- Avoid crossed your legs or stand for long periods of time.
- Avoid running in hot weather.
- Sleep with a slightly higher head position.
- Avoid eating carbohydrate-rich foods.
- Add salt to your daily diet to retain liquids.
For severe cases, the doctor may prescribe a medication that serves to increase blood volume or narrowing the blood vessels. According to Cleveland Clinic, the following medications may include:
- Fludrocortisone (FLORINEF)
- Midodrine (ProAmatine)
- Erythropoietin (Epogen, Procrit)
- Pyridostigmine (Mestinon)
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Such explanations for the causes and treatment of dizziness when standing or orthostatic hypotension. So, beware of this condition if it feels very disturbing to your activity. Hopefully this article is useful.
Last Updated on September 6, 2021 Reviewed by Market Health Beauty Team